Indicators for Slum Redevelopment Program

Guidelines for a comprehensive and sustainable action

Slums are informal neighbourhoods characterised by overcrowding and poor infrastructure. Their situation has been a concern for years and the place for many urban experiments. Concerned cities conduced field studies and launched multiple redevelopment programmes over the years in order to improve their conditions of living. Despite a better understanding of the issues affecting the slums, many of these programmes still present shortfalls, sometimes resulting in slum inhabitants returning to their former habitat. Nowadays, cities have a comprehensive look on these neighbourhoods. Based on the styles of interventions and the patterns of development, a common set of indicators to redesign an informal settlement can be identified.

This datasheet gives an overview of some identified indicators. They are parted in three themes: physical, institutional and social actions. Each of them is linked with a case study. Each indicator has been discussed in detail in this article.

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Citizen Engagement Strategy for Smart Cities

According to the Smart City Plan (SCP) of Smart Cities Mission, the process for planning the Smart City commences with the self assessment of the city, preparation of the city profile and thereafter progresses to intense citizen engagement at multiple levels in the city using different means. The SCP says, ‘a sound engagement strategy should involve better communication by government, soliciting feedback for problem identification, co-creating solutions and involving local citizen champions, while ensuring the active participation of various groups of people, such as youth and students associations, welfare associations, tax-payers associations, senior citizens, special interest groups, slum dwellers and others.’

While it is beyond argument that a sound citizen engagement can create an ownership of the plan among citizens and hence make implementation of the same easier, it is also true that citizen engagement if not done in an effective manner can only delay development and yield no productive results. Therefore, it is required that the right method of engagement be deployed at the right time to the right people to avail the full benefit of citizen engagement in any smart city. This within the very short time frame of Smart Cities Mission is a challenge for the city authorities. Hence, the activity of strategic planning and comprehensive citizen engagement is expected to be widely held beyond Smart City Mission in coming years. Foreseeing this, CIDCO Smart City Lab has developed a strategy for citizen engagement which can help city authorities guide the activity in their city.

The complete article can be found here in the newsletter.

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Development Timeline of Mumbai and Navi Mumbai

Mumbai City and environs has been a living urban lab for practitioners around the globe since decades. Some of the key aspects which highlight the journey of Mumbai as an emerging global city are:

  • Transition from trade to services
  • Busiest ports in the region
  • Cultural and Fashion Capital of India
  • Focal point of the growing regional system of cities

Mumbai city and suburban district is, at 440 sq.km., just over half the size of New York City, but is home to 12.4 million people. The wider metropolitan region, at 4,355 sq.km. is relatively small compared to other global regions, yet has a population of close to 20.7 million. It is one of five mega-city regions in South Asia .

The region comprises of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan, Navi Mumbai and Ulhasnagar, 15 Municipal Towns, 7 Non-Municipal Urban Centers, and 995 villages.Its administrative limits cover Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban Districts, and parts of Thane and Raigad District. There are 40 Planning Authorities in the region that are responsible for the micro-level planning of the different areas.

The timeline presented below highlights some of the key facts of the development of Mumbai and Navi Mumbai.

Navi Mumbai is one of the largest planned city in India. The twin city concept was adopted by Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Planning Board (MMRPB) with a view to decongest the Mumbai city. Navi Mumbai project began in 1971 with the formation of CIDCO with an objective to convert 344 sq. km. of marshy land lying between the village of Dighe in Thane district and the village of Kalundre of Raigad district into a new city.

Land-use zoning and development regulations were used as tools for environment control in its Development Plan. Polycentric model of urban development was adopted for development of the project area into 14 nodes. Strategic planning approach towards development included acquisition of all land within the notified area to have a better control of the environment and to use land as the main resource for development.

Some of the key indicators of the Navi Mumbai Notified Area based on available Census 2011 data are presented.

 

 

 

Navi Mumbai Notified Area has a complex institutional framework for planning process with six agencies currently administering the area. Agencies for management and development of proposed airport and Special Economic Zone are expected to be key stakeholders in the future planning process of the region. A representative map is shown with the planning jurisdictions in the Navi Mumbai Notified Area.

 

With the state government approval for redevelopment of existing gaothan in Navi Mumbai Notified area the challenges and opportunities for CIDCO and other planning authorities in the region are enormous. The spatial distribution of these gaothans would be key in implementation of this new policy initiative. Spatial distribution of around 95 gaothans are presented in the map below.

 

This article is part of NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab initiative to document the dynamics of urban planning and development in the Mumbai region. Contributions from researchers, practitioners, students, and staff of the planning authorities and academic institutes are invited to share the evolution of cities and towns in the region.

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Highlights of Socio Economic Surveys for Navi Mumbai from 1995 to 2010

Every five years CIDCO conducts a socio economic survey of the population in the planned nodes in Navi Mumbai. The surveys are designed to capture a wide range of information about the local population and life in the city. The Smart City team has undertaken a first of its kind study to identify trends from the data collected by CIDCO. While the final report with trends and outcomes is under discussion with CIDCO – presented here is a snapshot of some of the findings.
 

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