Indicators for Slum Redevelopment Program

Guidelines for a comprehensive and sustainable action

Slums are informal neighbourhoods characterised by overcrowding and poor infrastructure. Their situation has been a concern for years and the place for many urban experiments. Concerned cities conduced field studies and launched multiple redevelopment programmes over the years in order to improve their conditions of living. Despite a better understanding of the issues affecting the slums, many of these programmes still present shortfalls, sometimes resulting in slum inhabitants returning to their former habitat. Nowadays, cities have a comprehensive look on these neighbourhoods. Based on the styles of interventions and the patterns of development, a common set of indicators to redesign an informal settlement can be identified.

This datasheet gives an overview of some identified indicators. They are parted in three themes: physical, institutional and social actions. Each of them is linked with a case study. Each indicator has been discussed in detail in this article.

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Public Open Spaces and Sustainable Development Goals

Coherence of SDGs with Public Open Spaces: Targets, Actions and Benefits

Public spaces, the heart of urban areas, are the key part of building inclusive, healthy, functional and productive cities.  They can act as strong tools in sustainable development by providing environmental, social, economic and health benefits to the city. Public Open Space help achieve safe, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable cities and have been identified as a specific target under the 11th SDG. The data sheet here represents the potential of public spaces to contribute to several sustainable development goals. The inner most circle in the wheel shows the SDGs related with public spaces. The middle circle represents the specific targets of the respective SDGs that can be achieved through public spaces development. The outermost circle shows the benefits on the basis of three categories of public spaces markets, open spaces and streets. The suggested actions to obtain these results are shown outside the wheel connected with the respective SDGs.

Reference (2019). SDGs .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Jan. 2019].
Daniel, K. (2016). Public Spaces: A key tool to achieve the sustainable development goals. HealthBridge.

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Citizen Engagement Strategy for Smart Cities

According to the Smart City Plan (SCP) of Smart Cities Mission, the process for planning the Smart City commences with the self assessment of the city, preparation of the city profile and thereafter progresses to intense citizen engagement at multiple levels in the city using different means. The SCP says, ‘a sound engagement strategy should involve better communication by government, soliciting feedback for problem identification, co-creating solutions and involving local citizen champions, while ensuring the active participation of various groups of people, such as youth and students associations, welfare associations, tax-payers associations, senior citizens, special interest groups, slum dwellers and others.’

While it is beyond argument that a sound citizen engagement can create an ownership of the plan among citizens and hence make implementation of the same easier, it is also true that citizen engagement if not done in an effective manner can only delay development and yield no productive results. Therefore, it is required that the right method of engagement be deployed at the right time to the right people to avail the full benefit of citizen engagement in any smart city. This within the very short time frame of Smart Cities Mission is a challenge for the city authorities. Hence, the activity of strategic planning and comprehensive citizen engagement is expected to be widely held beyond Smart City Mission in coming years. Foreseeing this, CIDCO Smart City Lab has developed a strategy for citizen engagement which can help city authorities guide the activity in their city.

The complete article can be found here in the newsletter.

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Davanagere – Retrofitting Local Industries

Davanagere is a Tier II city in south-western state of Karnataka. It is the sixth largest city in the state and was renowned for its cotton mills in the 1980’s. The city has consistently been a hub for vibrant industrial and small manufacturing enterprises (SME) within the state for agro, bamboo, puffed rice and textile industry among others. Located strategically along the Bengaluru – Pune National Highway (NH4), the city enjoys excellent regional connectivity to major cities across India.


Davanagere aspires to be the city where LIFE nestles. The city’s vision is to leverage the uniqueness of peaceful co habitation and its uprising prosperity, in terms of its liveability, inclusivity, financial & economic vibrancy and sustainability for enriched quality of life.

City Self – Assessment


Strategic Focus

  • Balanced growth & development of the North & South areas of the city, to reduce stress on infrastructure
  • Tackling issues of – congestion, poor infrastructure, unplanned formal & informal market zones, hapazard parking etc.
  • Leveraging the SMEs to bring economic vibrancy and employment growth
  • Improved air quality through retrofitting old industrial practices and equipment
  • Lowering the carbon footprint through use of alternative energy sources

Area Based Proposal (ABP)

Retrofitting and Redevelopment

3.14 (4.09%)

809 Cr. INR (61.9%)

  • Urban Mobility
  • Pan-City Initiatives of providing intelligent solar powered street lights, intelligent traffic management system, ICT retro-fit to bus stops, providing of information kiosks and hot- spots at strategic locations
  • Utility Infrastructure
  • Re-vitalisation of the economic precinct around the Mandipet Muncipal Market
  • A typological retro-fit of the Mandakki Bhatti layout

Pan City  Proposal (PCP)

498 Cr. INR (38.1%)

  • Smart Urban Mobility
  • ICT Crowd Mapping


Presence of over 1027 diverse SMEs provide limitless opportunities for growth to Davanagere. To leverage the consistent growth in the numbers of SME in the area, the city has prioritised revitalisation of physical infrastructure for MSME units in the area selected for ABD. These units have been a primary employer for a large section of the population, particularly in the northern part of the city.

The SCP proposes retrofitting of one significant SME – the Mandakki Bhatti, which will act as a model for other SME’s to draw upon. Mandakki Bhatti constitutes of puffed rice manufacturing units that use large traditional furnaces for the process. These units have been identified as the main source of air pollution in the city. Respiratory diseases have recorded a 50 percent increase in the last decade, in just the inner city.

Figure 1: Project location – Madakki Bhatti

The retrofitting intervention at Mandakki Bhatti will include technology up gradation and use of renewable energy leading to clean, green and modern manufacturing units.

Budget Highlight

The total Smart City Budget for Davanagere is INR 1307.18 Crore. The city has identified sources for 100% of its budget. It is utilising three of the five potential funding sources and its proposed per capita smart city expense is INR 30,041.

Project Overview

The intent of the Area Based Development (ABD) in Davanagere is to transform the unplanned and congested inner core of the city, which is negatively affecting the quality of life of its citizens. With an overall extent of 785 acres, the site covers a diversity of city’s urban fabric. In alignment with the goals of the city, a critical SME located in the heart of the city – Mandakki Bhatti, an economic hub- Mandipet market and a heritage precinct – Durgambika temple have been identified for retro-fit within the site. The proposal is to re –vitalise and energise these areas through infrastructure upgradation for the entire area. The infrastructure upgrade will include improved road network with non-motorised vehicle infrastructure, provision of underground utility network and excellent solid waste management system.

The pan city initiative in Davanagere proposes re-vitalisation of the city’s mobility infrastructure and citizen services through integration of strategic information and communication technology (ICT) based solutions with the city’s systems. This will be done through two pan city initiatives for this – smart urban mobility and ICT crowd mapping. The city plans to improve the urban mobility scenario through development of NMT infrastructure and better road networks, supported by an effective passenger information system (PIS). For this, the City Corporation has already begun the implementation of a comprehensive plan to upgrade the mobility infrastructure with an investment of INR 976.10 Crores channelled through the convergence of various government schemes. Purpose of ICT crowd mapping is to build a real-time online community to address the city’s needs. It will use GIS based recording of complaints, citizen feedback and opinions on civic issues and services, and other grievances. It will also enable real-time tracking of reported issues for the citizen and stake holders. The system will integrate the “one city one website one app” and the “one city one number” service with GIS based information of various civic services, their status and location.

Measurable Impact

Area Based Proposal


  • Access to infrastructure
  • Access to opportunities
  • Access to open spaces like parks, play fields and greenary
  • Mixed use
  • Social interaction


  • Revenue collection
  • Revenue utilisation for O&M activities
  • Congestion
  • Commute time
  • Uniformity of service delivery network
  • Resource use
  • Waste generation
  • Waste collection
  • Solid waste management
  • Sewerage network
  • E-governance
  • Surveillance


  • Vertical development
  • Floor space index
  • Open space, greenary, parks and commercial and public acitivities
  • Pedestrian infrastructure
  • Infrastructure for non-motorised modes of transportation
  • Densification
  • Service delivery
  • Disaster preparedness
  • Safety


  • Industrial emissions
  • Cases of respiratory diseases
  • Solar energy generation
  • Urban heat island effect
  • Vehicular emission


  • Infrastructure for informal & formal market
  • Productivity
  • Efficiency
  • Working conditions
  • Growth
  • Quality of workforce
  • Production technology for puffed rice

Pan City Proposal

Public services

  • Zero pig menace
  • Health & hygiene of city
  • Air pollution
  • Lifetyle
  • Access & information for public transit
  • Service delivery to citizens


  • Collective functioning of city corporation and para-statal agencies
  • Revenue collection
  • Revenue utilisation for operation and maintenance activities
  • Uniformity of service delivery network
  • Surveillance
  • Imeplementation of e-governance



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Electric Vehicles (EVs): SCPs of Lighthouse Cities

Electric vehicles (e-vehicles/ EVs) present an opportunity in cities to move towards cleaner fuels and sustainability in the field of urban mobility. Smart cities have scope of EV projects in various arenas

•E- vehicles for movement of goods and persons in zones of pedestrianisation
•Conversion of school busses to electric buses with charging points within school campuses
•Charging point for electric vehicles in fuel stations
•e-vehicles for commuting within the complex in apartment complexes and other group housing schemes
•Reserved parking for electric vehicles and designated charging points for e-cars in parking lots
•Intermediate para-transit (IPT) (for last mile connectivity) using e-vehicles, mostly e-rickshaws
•Designation of specific industrial unit within the development plan for city to avail facilities for maintenance and repair of e-vehicles
•e-bicycles for bike share programmes
•Advocacy and promotion of e-vehicles as cleaner alternative

Datasheet below gives the the EV projects and their budgets in the 20 lighthouse cities.


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33 Smart Cities from 25 States/ UTs

Central Government has announced 13 more Smart Cities from the 23 cities that submitted their Smart Cities Proposal in April 2016. Lucknow topped the list of winners of the Fast Track competition conducted for 23 cities belonging to the 23 states /UTs that did not make it in the first round of winning proposals. These cities improved the quality of their Smart City Proposals based on the feedback received.

33 cities from 25 States/UTs are now covered under Smart City Mission. The winners of the Fast Track competition are Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Warangal (Telanagana), Dharamshala, (Himachal Pradesh), Chandigarh, Raipur (Chattisgarh), New Town Kolkata(West Bengal), Bhagalpur (Bihar), Panaji, (Goa), Port Blair (Andaman & Nicobar Islands), Imphal (Manipur), Ranchi (Jharkhand), Agartala (Tripura) and Faridabad (Haryana)

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