CIDCO’s Online Training Management System Ujjwal has now been online for 5 months. It has facilitated participation of over hundred CIDCO officers in over fifty courses from different institutes across the country. Upon the participation of a CIDCO Officer in a course through Ujjwal, they submit a detailed Feedback based on their experience. This Feedback collects information on 15 parameters grouped into three different sections – Course Content, Course and Training Cell & Feedback. The sections are structured as follows:
The Feedback starts with the purpose for participation in the course. Officers have the choice of picking one or more out of the following:
Immediate need for everyday tasks
Any other reasons
About the course content: In five questions, this section covers the quality and applicability of content of the course among others. Responses for this section were on a four point scale with ‘Strongly Agree’, ‘Agree’, ‘Disagree’ and ‘Strongly Disagree’ as the responses.
About the course: In six questions, this section covers the course delivery mechanism, instructors and the training institute.
About the training cell & portal: This section has three questions and it goes over the quality of support received by the Officers throughout the process from the Training Cell and the portal itself.
All of the responses are collected on a four-point scale with ‘Outstanding’, ‘Good’, ‘Requires Improvement’ and ‘Poor’ as the responses.
Finally, the Officers have the option of submitting Additional comments or suggestions at the end to give an insight to their experience and as opportunity to air any grievances.
This article highlights some of the feedback submitted by CIDCO Officers through this Feedback system. Ujjwal currently has 829 registered users. Out of these, 483 employees have logged into Ujjwal at least once. Over 140 of these officers have registered and participated in training through Ujjwal in the last 5 months. Out of these 129 Officers have submitted their feedback.
129 CIDCO Officers have submitted their feedback for their experiences of training through Ujjwal. Response for selected questions is shared here:
Ujjwal is a customised Training Management System built by the NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab to facilitate CIDCO Officers’ participation in trainings as per the guidelines of CIDCO’s Training Policy. Since its launch in July 2017, Ujjwal has received a positive feedback from 95% of the participating CIDCO Officers.
As a next step in Ujjwal’s roll out, NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab has introduced a new feature – the Sharing Module. This module enables all CIDCO Officers who log into Ujjwal to share courses with their colleagues (who are also registered on Ujjwal). The process of using the Sharing Module is as described below:
Step 1: Visit one of these three pages on your Ujjwal Dashboard – ‘Add Training’, ‘Check stages’, or ‘My Completed
Training’. The second and the third are useful if you have already applied for three courses of your interest.
Step 2: Identify a course that you would like to share with your colleague or your department and click on ‘View
Course Details’ or on the name of the course.
Step 3: Notice there is a green ‘Share’ button on the right hand side top corner of this new page.
Step 4: Click on the button to open the ‘Share’ tool.
Step 5: Select one of the following to choose who you want to share the course with:
‘By Individual’ to type in Individual names of the CIDCO Officers you want to share the course with – You can type
in more than one name.
‘By Department’ to type the name of your department – if you want to share the course with all the CIDCO officers
in your department.
Step 6: Next, hit the ‘Share’ button at the bottom to send the course.
Step 7: Once a course has been shared, the recipients will receive an e-mail and SMS alert informing them that you
have shared a course with them. Now, you can see the course you shared on the ‘Shared Courses’ page.
When someone shares a course with you:
Step1: If someone shares a course with you, it is visible in the ‘Recommended Courses’ page.
Step 2: On the ‘Recommended Courses’ page, you will be able to review all the details of the course
Step 3: If you are yet to submit your selection of courses to participate in, you include such a ‘Recommended course’
by clicking on the ‘Add to Trainings’ button next to it.
Step 4: You can also add it to your ‘Wish-list’ if your enrolment and participation in a course is underway or
Step 5: ‘Wish-list’ can also be used if the date of a ‘Recommended course’ that you are interested in has passed
Step 6: ‘Wish-list’ allows you revisit the course once you have completed your participation in a training and the
subsequent lock period is over.
Step 7: If the date of a ‘Wish-listed course’ has passed, Ujjwal will send you a reminder when the course is available
for participation once again.
Participatory Budgeting is a democratic process in which community members directly decide how to spend part of a public budget. It helps make budget decisions clear and accessible. It gives real power to people who have never before been involved in the political process. (New York City Council, n.d.).
“How do you spend $1 million of the city’s money…?” The pamphlets used in New York’s pilot program on Participatory Budgeting (PBNYC) ask this question to the citizens.
The practice of Participatory Budgeting originated in Porto Alegre, Brazil in 1989. It attracts almost 50,000 citizens every year to deliberate on the utilisation of approximately 20% of city’s monetary resource (Shah, 2007). Its positive impact is a noticeable improvement in the accessibility and quality of various public welfare amenities in those municipalities that have adopted it. The participation and influence of people belonging to low-income groups in the budget allocation process are proof of their empowerment (Bhatnagar, Rathore, Torres, & Kanungo). Numerous governments, NGOs, institutional bodies, social movements and political parties have adopted participatory budgeting to bring changes in public policy and implementation processes.
Participatory Budgeting in India
Since the amendment of 74th Constitutional Act, the interaction of local civic bodies with the decision-making bodies of government ameliorated. Along with this, the sectors of economics, planning, justice and budgeting became transparent to the public and they eventually became crucial stakeholders. A few notable Participatory Budgeting initiatives in India are in Bangalore, Mysore, Pune and Kochi, where formal institutional methods were established which made sure that citizens were also part of decision-making (Shetty, 2015). Bangalore was the first city to implement participatory budgeting and the campaign resulted in citizen’s participation in budget allocation in over 20% of wards in the city (Keruwala, 2013).
Case of Pune
Participatory Budgeting was launched in Pune in 2006 under the then commissioner of Pune Municipal Corporation. Pune Municipal Corporation consists of four zones with 15 administrative wards. Each administrative ward contains 4 to 6 prabhags. Each prabhag (composed of two electoral wards) was allocated a budget of 50 lacs and could execute any number of projects with a maximum cost of Rs. 5 lac per project. For 76 prabhags in PMC, a total of Rs. 38 crore was allocated through participatory budgeting (Keruwala, 2013).
The process begins when Pune municipal Corporation (PMC) invites suggestions from citizens at the respective ward offices. These inputs vary from roads, electricity, buildings to slum improvement and water supply and drainage. Suggestions by the citizens are compiled at the ward office and submitted to prabhag samiti, which in turn sends the approved suggestions for accounts scrutiny to produce a final list of projects to be implemented in PMC region.
Decentralised Planning in Kerala – An Experiment through Ninth Five-Year Plan
In India’s ninth five-year plan, Government of Kerala established a decentralisation plan, which was an outcome of People’s Plan Campaign – an experimental approach to reformations in local planning. Participatory budgeting was first launched in 1996 and covered the entire state including 991 rural villages, 152 block panchayats, 53 municipalities, 14 districts and 5 corporations that represented different levels of administrative bodies (Wilhelmy, 2013).
Following this, in the period 1996 to 2001, the entire state devolved approximately 40% of state revenue into the projects chosen by 65% of the 3 million beneficiary citizens and eventually this model became a part of state planning, now popularly known as Kerala Development Plan (Wilhelmy, 2013). With an objective to ensure that priority projects meet the needs of beneficiary citizens, the model aims to establish civic engagements exercises. Participatory planning in Kerala focuses on local economic development, social justice and various public services with excellence (George & Balan, People’s Participation in Development Planning in Kerala, 2011).
Kerala’s process evolved into a dynamic model with two key features of the campaign – resourceful and trained administration and the extent of involvement of people elected delegates. The model created an inclusive platform of citizens supported by 373 state-level trainers, almost 10,500 trained provincial-level resource persons and 50,000 trained local activists (including 4,000 retired administrators) (Wilhelmy, 2013). The delegates elected by the people were involved in the budgeting process at every phase with a say in raising demands, prioritising projects and development plans (Wilhelmy, 2013).
Stages of Participatory Planning
The procedure of participatory budgeting comprises of six stages:
A range of local assemblies/grama sabhas are conducted.
Conducting development seminars, which facilitates discussions between politicians, experts and groups of citizens.
Preparation of report from the data collected from development seminars.
Drafting of project proposals with technical requirements and budget planning details by the ‘task force’ created by the development seminar.
Approval of the projects and budget by District Planning Committees.
Implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the approved projects.
All stages of participatory planning ensure involvement of the stakeholders. The local government, to execute the initiatives and to promote maximum participation of the public, forms certain Working Groups (Figure 22) that are mandatory in every local body (George & Balan, People’s Participation in Development Planning in Kerala, 2011). These groups include the sectors shown in the diagram. The Working Groups, with an elected head perform effectively to guarantee participation of all marginalised societal groups. At the second stage of participatory planning – Development Seminar, the proposal projects put forward by the Working Group are presented and are subjected to public suggestions and improvements (George & Balan, People’s Participation in Development Planning in Kerala, 2011).
Sectors of Working Group
For maximum participation of all the stakeholders, the respective local bodies ensure communication at all stages from conceptualisation to implementation. Right to Information Act plays a major role in the framework as it facilitates access for public to the processes and documents involved. Kerala Institute of Local Administration (KILA) (George & Balan, People’s Participation in Development Planning in Kerala, 2011) conducts training programmes for members of Ward Sabha/Ward Committee and this capacity building initiative ensures that decision-making process is all-inclusive.
CIDCO is a pioneer in the urban development sector in India and as such, it is constantly evolving in order to be prepared to face the challenges of the modern urban sector. CIDCO recognizes the significance of building its capacity as an urban development agency and it plans to implement interventions that:
Develop skills of its existing of employees.
Build behavioural and managerial skills in the young officers as the older staff in leadership roles retire.
Provide a work culture that retains and nurtures talent and prevent the loss of skilled employees to the private sector.
Make continuous learning a part of the work culture.
For these, CIDCO established the NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab, a research and capacity building unit in 2014 through a collaboration with the National Institute of Urban Affairs. Over the last three years, the Smart City Lab has conducted research on smart cities, aided the launch of CIDCO’s Smart City Action Plan and implemented several capacity building interventions for CIDCO. These interventions include a training needs assessment conducted in 2014-2015 and the facilitation of participation in trainings for CIDCO officers.
Recognizing that a lack of clear guidelines and a lengthy approval process for participation in a trainings are a barrier to capacity building, CIDCO adopted a training policy in 2017, with the support of the Smart City Lab. Objectives of this policy are:
To improve its organisational capacity through an approach that is structured, responsive, flexible and performance driven.
To overcome all institutional barriers to learning, adoption and diffusion of knowledge within the agency through human and technological resources.
To increasingly acknowledge that innovation consists of continuous learning and organisational problem solving.
To recognize that innovation is key to delivering services in a constantly changing urban landscape in India.
To promote the established theory that working relationships across individuals, hierarchies and departments are important for delivering capacity building and innovation.
Subsequently, the Lab developed an online training management system for its implementation. Earlier version of CIDCO@Smart1 has covered both of these in detail. A dedicated training cell at CIDCO maintains the online training management system ‘Ujjwal’. The training policy, Ujjwal and the training cell are the pillars of the comprehensive training programme at CIDCO.
Essentials for Change
The capacity building strategy adopted by CIDCO leverages the various reforms already being implemented at the ULB level across the country under e-Governance, financial management, BSUP, AMRUT and Smart City Mission. As noted in its Smart City Action Plan, CIDCO already is already working to digitise all of its process through solutions such as AutoDCR, COPAS and CFC. Complementing these strategies, CIDCO has adopted a demand driven approach for capacity building that works at two levels, organisational and individual.
Recognition of capacity building as a necessity.
Adoption of training policy.
Commitment of financial resources.
Establishment of training cell within CIDCO.
Implementation of an online training management system (Ujjwal).
Revision of institutional travel policy.
Pathways to Organisational Learning
Individual skill development for all Class I & II Officers.
Hand-holding and constant support for participating officers.
Prompt access to information about all potential courses at the click of a button.
Constant collection of feedback on the experience of CIDCO officers training through Ujjwal.
This two pronged approach makes the capacity building programme more robust. It enables the Smart City Lab to customise the trainings to suit the needs of CIDCO’s officers and all of its departments. Additionally, support from CIDCO’s leadership and an equal focus on all disciplines within the agency, makes this capacity building effort stand out.
NIUA is and continues to be a Knowledge Partner for CIDCO. This is a unique collaboration given the broad mandate of the NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab: provide support to CIDCO’s technical personnel through action research, training, innovation, documentation and capacity building with a particular focus on the development of ‘smart cities’. The Smart City Lab’s work over the last three years has yielded important learnings regarding implementation of capacity building interventions at the local level. These lessons are particularly important as they are based on the work of a hybrid training unit embedded within CIDCO. Based on these lessons, following are the recommendations for the implementation of capacity building at the local level:
Adopt a policy or pass a resolution within the agency that defines capacity building objectives and allocates resources for it (human & financial). This is an essential to provide clear guidelines that enable and encourages employees to participate in trainings. The CIDCO’s training policy is available for its Officers to review online through the agency’s intranet and through NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab’s website. Since the adoption of the policy, participation of CIDCO Officers in training programmes over a period of four months has quadrupled. The number increased from 21 to 100 following the implementation of this capacity building programme.
Dedicate time to understand processes within the agency is critical. It is the very first step towards the simplification of the training approval process. CIDCO was able to reduce its training participation approval time from about a fortnight to two to three days.
Engage with other cities across the world through knowledge exchanges, conferences and workshops. Capacities can be built through exchanges among different local agencies – locally, nationally and internationally. Best case practices demonstrate successful interventions and enable easy adoption.
Allow flexibility within the institutional policies to overcome barriers and build a supporting ecosystem. CIDCO revised its travel policy to allow its officers greater options of arranging travel to and from training institutes.
With the policy, the training cell and the online training management system (Ujjwal) in place, the Smart City Lab is now collating data to highlight the impact of CIDCO’s comprehensive approach on its overall capacity. The next step will be to scale up the interventions by building partnerships with premier training institutes who can provide customised trainings to CIDCO Officers.
CIDCO’s commitment to the capacity-building interventions is a direct result of its learning and growth as an organisation. Through the implementation of this comprehensive capacity building programme, CIDCO and the Smart City Lab are on their way to transforming attitudes towards capacity building within the agency and beyond.
Priyank Khare is an Urban Planner and Architect by qualification. He did his bachelor’s degree in architecture from Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal and acquired his master’s degree in Urban planning & policy design from Politecnico di Milano, Italy. He has worked with KCity, an urban regeneration firm based in Milano, Italy and prior to that as a Sr. Architect in L&T Constructions. His research interests are about organic planning, complex adaptive systems in neighborhood development and concept of cities as a self-organizing system.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes CIDCO@Smart Volume 3 Issues 3 and 4, detailing the team’s activities from July 2017 and December 2017. The newsletter gives an insight into the work done by the Smart City Lab team in the areas of Research, Capacity Building, Innovation and Project support for CIDCO.
This issue covers Financial Independence as the Objective Area and Nature Park and Smart Parking as Projects in Focus from the CIDCO Smart City Action Plan. The Data sheets in this issue include a summary of the Smart City Plans from Guwahati and Ludhiana along with the project summaries for 90 Smart Cities (Light House, Fast Track, Round II and Round III). Knowledge Lab, presents the feedback received for the trainings facilitated through Ujjwal and introduces the new Sharing Module on Ujjwal. Smart City Corner covers Bloom’s Taxonomy – a tool used for strategizing capacity building, structured capacity building for organisational learning and Smart City Framework for Vienna. The issue also presents a brief summary of a draft alternative TOD policy for Delhi prepared by the Smart City Lab under Initiatives@Smart City Lab. Finally, Participatory Budgeting is discussed under the Inclusive Planning section with examples from Pune and Kerala.
Benjamin Bloom (1913-1999) led a team of cognitive psychologists at the University of Chicago in the development of a framework to categorize learning objectives. This framework was published in 1956 and is known as Bloom’s Taxonomy. It is a method of organizing learning goals and objectives. Bloom’s Taxonomy provides an excellent structure for planning, designing, assessing and evaluating training and learning effectiveness.
One of the major tasks in the process of designing a course is to define the expected learning outcomes or goals. Bloom’s Taxonomy helps to provide a standard language about learning goals and objectives for this. The model uses three domains to classify learning objectives of a course:
Cognitive Domain (Intellectual Capability, i.e. Knowledge, or ‘Think’)
Affective Domain (Feelings, Emotions and Behaviour, i.e. Attitude, or ‘Feel’)
Psychomotor Domain (Manual and Physical Skills, i.e. Skills, or ‘Do’)
‘At-a-glance’ representation of Bloom’s Taxonomy
Each domain is further broken up into tiers. The three domains have been structured in a hierarchy – first Cognitive, then Affective and finally Psychomotor. Each domain must be mastered before progressing to the next. Cognitive Domain focuses on knowledge, Affective Domain focuses on the attitude of the participants while the Psychomotor Domain covers development of physical and bodily skill. – Affective Domain should arguably cover all levels of each domain, particularly in organisations seeking learning at an institutional level.
The work done by Bloom and his team primarily focused on the Cognitive Domain, breaking it down into six categories or tiers as shown in the image. Each of these six tiers also reflect the degree of difficulty of the participants, starting with Remember and increasing in level all the way up to Create.
Structure of the Cognitive Domain
The learning goals in the design of a course for the participants can be specified using this tool. Most learning interventions tend to focus on Remember, Understand and Apply. Analyse, Evaluate, and Create are more relevant when the learning objective is to ‘break down information into parts the learning is being applied to real life situations. These six categories were initially defined as Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Evaluation and Synthesis.
Bloom’s Taxonomy has two main applications:
As discussed earlier, it is directly useful in planning, designing courses and their effectiveness.
It can be used as a checklist to ensure achievement of learning goals for participants in a course by testing the validity and coverage of the concepts covered.
It is also used to quantify and compare level of assessment.
Bloom’s taxonomy is considered relevant in all types of learning, including workplace learning. The objective of workplace learning is for learners to not only remember and recall facts and procedures but to also be able to apply their learning to authentic workplace situation to improve on the job performance. For CIDCO, bridging the gap between knowledge gained by its Officers and its application in their everyday work is essential for effective learning. As CIDCO Officers continue to participate in trainings through Ujjwal, the Training Cell aims to ensure that they master the principles of the each of cognitive learning category before progressing on to the next. Moving from ‘remember’ to ‘create’, they will eventually, integrate advanced and creative out-of-the-box thinking in their work, with an emphasis on the formulation of new patterns and structures.
Vienna is the capital city of the Republic of Austria, a small land locked country in Central Europe. It is the country’s largest city and seat of many international organisations (official UN seat, OSCE headquarters) (Urbact, n.d.). The city has been a site of continuous habitation since 500 BC and today its 1.7 million inhabitants live on an area of 414 square kilometers (Urbact, n.d.). It is known for its musical legacy, architectural heritage and high quality of life. UN Habitat recognised it as the most prosperous city in the world in 2012/13. The city center of Vienna was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001 and in July 2017, it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger (City of Vienna, n.d.). Vienna has changed significantly in the 25 years since the fall of the Iron Curtain amidst a climate of deep regional and international transformation. Despite these radical changes, the city has done quite well for itself: Today, it is one of the fastest growing metropolises in Europe, and if this growth continues as projected, Vienna will have two million residents by around 2030 (Vienna City Administration, 2014). This means that over three million people will be living in the greater metropolitan area (Vienna City Administration, 2014). This growth poses challenges for land development, the transport network, the housing and labor markets as well as for social services (Vienna City Administration, n.d.).
“In Vienna, as in every other major European city, immigration and diversity form part of everyday life. For effective social cohesion in an urban society, it is paramount that politics, administration and civil society openly embrace this diversity. Immigration and a diverse population contribute significantly to a city’s economic, social and cultural success. Vienna recognises this challenge with its policies in the areas of diversity and integration, which have become indispensable to openly meeting these urban developments.”
– DI Rudi Schicker, Executive City Councilor for Urban Development and Transport
Vienna’s Urban Framework
The state of Vienna is headed by the federal administration, which is composed of federal state and decentralised districts. The municipality of the state of Vienna has three constituent bodies namely, the City Council, the City Government and the Mayor. The City Council is the highest authority of Vienna, which has the task of supervising the municipality, its budget and allocating functions to the constituent City Government and the Mayor (City of Vienna, n.d.).
One third of Vienna’s entire urban land is made up of conservation areas, protected landscapes, a national park and similar protection initiatives (Urbact, n.d.). The municipal area of Vienna has allocated projects in various sectors such as building and infrastructure, education and research, transport, energy, environment, health, social services, and urban development. They are the key areas for action of the City Administration (City of Vienna, n.d.). Some of the strategies adopted by the City Council for these key areas include:
Climate Protection Programme (1999-2020)
STEP 2025 – UD Principles and Strategies (2011-2025)
Vienna’s Research, Technology and Innovation Strategy (2014-2020)
Municipal Energy Efficiency Program
Digital Agenda Vienna (2004)
Urban Mobility Plan Vienna(2013)
Planning and evaluation of high-rise projects (2002)
Vienna’s Smart City Framework
Vienna is considered to be one of the most livable city in the world due to its high quality urban infrastructure, educational sector, intact environment and ample green spaces, public transport network and affordable housing services. As the city sees an increase in demand for these services, there is a need to further develop the city’s capacity. The City Council of Vienna launched the Smart City Wien Framework Strategy 2050 in the year 2011. The strategy focuses on preservation of the city as a livable, socially inclusive and dynamic space by 2050. The present framework strategy began in 2013 and is directed at citizens, enterprises, non-profit institutions and the public sector (Urschitz, n.d.). The framework strategy is generated with a long-term approach by the city council and external stakeholders such as the civil society, research institutions and the private sector. Various policy groups within the city administration and other European cities that are implementing smart city development have contributed to the smart city framework. The city council, which also acts as the state parliament, adopts the municipal budget plan and allocates financial balance for the framework strategy.
The Smart City Wien Agency brings together all existing urban development projects (as mentioned) under the municipal area to support the goals of the framework. The strategy includes all existing policies and guidelines and restructures the entire development plan, encompassing all areas of municipal administration. The framework strategy acts like a lattice with various themes and concepts that work with specific targets for implementation (Urschitz, n.d.).
Objectives of Smart City Wien
Objectives and Goals of the Framework
As a smart city, Vienna’s key goal is to manage growth without growing the consumption of resources by leveraging innovation to sustain a high quality of life. The illustration on the next page summarises the three key objectives / pillars of this framework and the ten thematic areas.
Resource Preservation: The foremost aim of the smart city framework is to preserve resources by developing and modifying the sectors of energy, mobility, infrastructure and building management. The objectives and milestones set by the strategy are to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to improve energy efficiency and increase use of renewable source of energy (Framework Strategy).
Improving Quality of Life: Creation of affordable and attractive housing, the provision of low-cost and resource conserving mobility and the financing of services of general interest on a larger scale to improve quality of life of the citizens of Vienna. This is in addition to Vienna’s work on gender mainstreaming in the urban development sector over the last two decades.
Development in Innovations: Making Vienna a leader of innovation through creation of top-end research hub, strong economy and upgraded education system (Framework Strategy).
The smart city framework provides assistance for specialised ongoing strategies (as mentioned) in various sectors such as energy conservation, climate protection, and urban development etc. with a time span of 7-10 years. These are the objectives of the Smart City Wien Framework:
Significantly reducing emissions (CO2, greenhouse gases) and, as a result, achieving EU climate protection targets.
Significantly reducing energy consumption.
Significantly increasing the use of renewable sources of energy (e.g. in public buildings).
Raising awareness in the wider public about responsible use of resources (energy, water)
Giving citizens an active role by inclusive planning.
Promoting multi-modal transport systems by improving the public transport network positioning Vienna as a model European environmental city and as a leading European center for research and technological development at an international level Components of the Framework.
The Smart City Wien framework strategy is a comprehensive and long-term approach with concrete sub-projects that will be implemented effectively in short and long timeframes. These sub-projects are linked to the strategy framework broadly as depicted in the following diagram (Framework Strategy):
Smart City Wien – Components
Together with the aspects of resource conservation, development in innovation and improving quality of life, concrete details are laid down for each of these aspects and each aspect is hence subsumed under its overarching goal that is to be attained by means of thematic target projects governed by the municipality of Vienna (Schmid).
The smart city framework is implemented in two ways – first, it outlines policies with dedicated resources and second, it connects the various organisational units of the city, strengthening co-operation within and outside the municipal administration (Framework Strategy). City of Vienna, over the course of time will take the following steps as a part of the implementation process of Smart City Wien (Framework Strategy):
Establishment of lighthouse project to pave the way for numerous follow-up projects.
Inclusion of citizens and experts in decision-making process through direct interpersonal contact and through
Training, recruitment and knowledge management of employees in Vienna City Administration through human resource development.
Promotion and branding of Smart City Wien Strategy Framework through strong and steady communication,
constant information exchange and dialogue with the stakeholders and public.
Solicitation and consultation from partners in corporate sector, ministries, other European metropolises to strengthen smart city objectives.
Monitoring of the Implementation Process
A set of indicators or benchmark have been established to help monitor the implementation and functioning of Smart City Wien Framework. These indicators comprise of status, target and policy benchmarks. They will measure the efficiency and performance of the three key objectives of the framework at regular intervals. This will be done through mandatory data assessment and analysis.
The framework applies to the existing city fabric, acknowledges the ongoing development strategies. It forms a comprehensive approach to smart development. Vienna’s Smart City Framework builds its objectives by leveraging the on-going interventions and strategies. It reinforces them for faster and more efficient implementation. It also ensures cooperation and strengthen the ties between policies and organisational units at the city and national level. Indian Smart cities have the opportunity to adopt a similar approach through convergence as advocated under the New Urban Agenda.
Delhi, as the centre of the National Capital Region (NCR), needs to reaffirm its status as the primate city in the central NCR. In spite of a declining population growth, Delhi has sprawled to an area double its size over the last decade. This is the consequence of an auto-centric bias and a shortage of affordable housing. People are living further away from places of their work and spending more time on their daily commute on road. Delhi’s adoption of TOD as a strategy will help rein in this sprawl and improve the quality of life.
Recognising this, UTTIPEC (DDA) initiated the development of a TOD Policy for Delhi in 2009. In 2012, the first draft of the policy was completed. A revised version of the policy approved by the MoUHA in 2015. The policy was further modified and published for comments in 2016. The notification of the Policy in the Gazette of India in April 2016 showed a dilution of the progressive standards set in the 2012 Draft. It also the showed the difficulty of changing the behaviour of an auto-centric city. This is in spite of the large scale capital investments in public transit made over previous decade. NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab was invited to share comments on Delhi’s TOD Policy earlier in 2017. As an additional exercise, the Lab also prepared a draft alternative TOD Policy for Delhi.
This draft borrows from findings of a study conducted by NIUA on Transit Oriented Development in Indian Smart Cities. It suggests for a focus on the following:
Need for the policy – The policy should present a clear status of Delhi’s infrastructure, making the case for the TOD policy. It should focus on NMT, public transit, housing infrastructure and upcoming transport investments. The policy should focus upon the principles of TOD and using the five constructs outlined in NIUA’s TOD study in 2016-17.
Policy statement – It should highlight the significance of the TOD Policy in managing Delhi’s growth. It should also clearly state the policy’s intention of maximising sustainable mobility and development practices in Delhi.
Existing legal provisions relevant to the policy – The policy must recognise the legal framework already in place that supports implementation of a TOD. It should highlight the provisions within Master Plan for Delhi 2021 and the National Urban Transportation Policy 2014 that enable the implementation of TOD.
Applicability of the policy – The policy should clearly identify the areas within Delhi for its application. It should also enumerate the various public transit stations and nodes in the city that can be developed as a TOD node.
Exclusions to the policy – It should identify the areas within the city where the policy cannot be applied. This should be with respect to the presence of historical structures and other conditions protecting their status.
Guidelines for implementation of the policy – The tools useful in the implementation of a TOD should be discussed within the policy along with the guidance for their use. a. Instruments of a TOD, namely Value Capture Finance, Land Pooling and Joint Ventures. b. TOD Project types based on Influence area development and public transit type c. Differences between a Greenfield and Brownfield development within a TOD.
Key Highlights of DCR – Finally, the policy should present the modifications in DCRs necessary for implementation of TOD. This should cover standards for density, FSI, road design, car parking, land use mix and universal access.
TOD implementation in a city requires adoption of its principles through an incremental approach. Given that this process stretches over years, it requires a clear guiding framework. The policy offers this framework by integrating existing statutory documents and regulations. It attempts to shift the focus from the solutions to the mechanisms of their delivery. By doing so, this alternative draft TOD Policy for Delhi aims to overcome institutional barriers to the success of a TOD. Recommendations of the policy focus on a incremental approach that allows the city to transform neighbourhoods one step at a time with simple interventions. Highlights of the recommendations made in the policy draft are:
Implement TOD around existing public transit stations, using them as nodes.
Prioritize the TOD implementation around multi-modal hubs (metro stations, interchanges, railway stations, bus terminals and airport terminals).
Maximizing access to these transit stations by developing bicycle-pedestrian infrastructure, strengthening existing IPT with the ‘influence area’.
Limit parking within 100 m of these stations.
Ensure convenient transfer between different modes of public transit by implementing seamless integration.
Focus on achieving a high density of jobs and households, with a minimum density of 175 inhabitants per hectare.
In case of the implementing TOD on MRTS (metro), High densities centred at the stations will automatically form a contiguous band of Influence Zone or Corridor since the average distance between the stations is less than a km.
Investments in the improvement of influence area improve value of the neighbouring property. Adopt VCF policy to capture some of this financial increment.
Use mechanisms such as a Business Improvement District (BID) at District Centres in Delhi to finance physical improvements for pedestrian and NMT infrastructure and open space in the influence area.
Use PPP or Joint Development models for financing TOD and engaging with the private stakeholders.
Revise the DCR to enable implementation of all these interventions.
Scale all interventions based on the extent to existing development. The various types of development recommended are as follows: Brownfield – Retrofit; Brownfield – Infill; Brownfield – Redevelopment (New Development); Greenfield (New Development).
According to the Smart City Plan (SCP) of Smart Cities Mission, the process for planning the Smart City commences with the self assessment of the city, preparation of the city profile and thereafter progresses to intense citizen engagement at multiple levels in the city using different means. The SCP says, ‘a sound engagement strategy should involve better communication by government, soliciting feedback for problem identification, co-creating solutions and involving local citizen champions, while ensuring the active participation of various groups of people, such as youth and students associations, welfare associations, tax-payers associations, senior citizens, special interest groups, slum dwellers and others.’
NIUA CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes Volume 3 Number 3 and 4 of its Newsletter
January 23, 2018
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes CIDCO@Smart Volume 3 Issues 3 and 4, detailing the team’s activities from July 2017 and December 2017. The newsletter gives an insight into the work done by the Smart City Lab team in the areas of Research, Capacity Building, Innovation and Project support for CIDCO. It is available for download here.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab Shares Comments on the Draft TOD Policy for Delhi
September 1, 2017
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab shared comments on the Draft TOD Policy for Delhi. These comments were presented in context of the five constructs of Transit Oriented Development – Urban Density, Design, Diversity, Mobility and Housing. In summary, they were as follows:
Need for phasing the development of areas under the policy along the MRTS corridors
Need to ensure strong multi-modal integration
Need for stronger parking restrictions within the TOD
Need for eliminating FAR limits within the TOD and:
Using number people/households/jobs as markers of density
Reducing the practice of using FAR based incentives
Need for diversification of housing unit size, types and occupancy
MoUD announces 30 cities under Round III of the National Smart Cities Mission
August 4, 2017
The Ministry of Urban Development announced the selection of 30 cities under Round III of the National Smart Cities Mission, bringing the total number of cities chosen in the mission to 90. The remaining 10 cities have an opportunity to revise their smart city proposals and resubmit in order to ensure feasible plans. This announcement was followed by the launch of City Liveability Index, whose purpose is to measure the quality of life in 116 major cities including smart cities, capital cities and cities with a population of above one million each. During the launch of the City Liveability Index, a companion document named “Methodology for Collection and Computation of Liveability Standards in Cities” was also released. It is meant to be the guiding document for data collection, analysis and calculation of various scores for the different parameters.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes Volume 3 Issue 2 of its newsletter
August 4, 2017
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes Volume 3, Issue 2 of its newsletter detailing the team’s activities between April 2017 and June 2017. The newsletter titled ‘CIDCO@Smart' gives an insight into the work done by the CIDCO Smart City Lab team in the areas of Research, Capacity Building, Innovation and Project support for CIDCO.
The newsletter is available for download here.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab launches Ujjwal Training Portal
August 3, 2017
On 5th July, 2017, NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab launched Ujjwal, CIDCO’s first customized training portal. Its purpose is to aid the implementation of CIDCO’s new Training Policy. The Training Policy was approved by the CIDCO Board as a step towards overcoming barriers to training and knowledge enhancement for all Class I & Class II CIDCO officers. Ujjwal is an integrated platform that provides access to a wide choice of managerial, technical and behavioural courses from world-class institutes, through a user-friendly interface. It can be accessed at https://cidco-smartcity.niua. org/ujjwal.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab Training Cell is driving the propagation of the training portal across the multiple departments within CIDCO. As a part of this effort, it is conducting training sessions titled ‘Samwaad’ in every department within CIDCO. In the three weeks since its launch, the portal has already registered 25% of its expected users. Out of which 50% have registered their interest for participating in trainings and 80% have been confirmed for participation.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab establishes a Training Cell at CIDCO, Navi Mumbai
August 3, 2017
On 15th May, 2017, NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab established a Training Cell at CIDCO, Navi Mumbai to facilitate the implementation of CIDCO’s Training Policy. The primary aim of the Cell is to support CIDCO and its officers in the identification of training needs and facilitation of participation in corresponding training programmes.
Lead by the Training Coordinator, Ms. Manjali Arora Suneja the Training Cell is situated at CIDCO Bhavan in Navi Mumbai to ensure dedicated support to the capacity building activities within CIDCO. It works in close collaboration with NIUA’s New Delhi office. The Cell is focused on promoting use of Ujjwal, CIDCO’s first Training Portal, through trainings for CIDCO Officers. It also addresses all queries and issues related to the use of the portal and maintains an update course database. One of its key tasks is to build partnerships with institutes that provide relevant trainings on subjects relevant to CIDCO. Any enquiries regarding the Training Cell’s activities can be directed to email@example.com.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab Provides Comments for the Delhi Land Policy
June 14, 2017
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab shared comments on the New Delhi Master Plan Chapter on Land Policy and the Regulations for Operationalisation of Land Pooling Policy. The recommendations focused on:
Reducing land acquisition and transfer of land to the government through the policy as it goes against the principles of land pooling.
Recognizing the complexity of the land pooling process and enabling the DDA’s critical transformation from a developer into a facilitator for that process.
Reducing the multiple approval processes at the different stages of development for plans and layouts.
Overall, the comments question the policy’s deviation from its objective of using the land pooling method for maximizing citizen engagement and eliminating land transfer to the government.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab @ 14th Municipalika Conference
May 19, 2017
Rewa Marathe, Research Associate, NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab presented at the 14th Municipalika conference in Navi Mumbai, as part of the panel on Healthy, Green & Connected cities. She shared the findings of a study recently conducted by NIUA on Transit Oriented Development in Indian Smart Cities. The presentation can be viewed here. Former Secretary, MoUD, Dr. M. Ramachandran chaired the panel and it included representatives from public and private sector. The discussion focused on the need of high quality pedestrian infrastructure for last mile connectivity and the significance of citizen participation for creating a healthy, green and connected city.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes combined issue (Vol 2, issue 4 & Vol 3, issue 1) of its newsletter
May 11, 2017
CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes combined issue (Vol 2, issue 4 & Vol 3, issue 1) of its newsletter detailing the team’s activities between October 2016 and March 2017. The newsletter titled ‘CIDCO@Smart' gives an insight into the work done by the CIDCO Smart City Lab team in the areas of Research, Capacity Building, Innovation and Project support for CIDCO.
The newsletter is available for download at NL_LO
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab Participates in Stakeholder’s Workshop on Delhi-Gurgaon-Rewari-Alwar Regional Rapid Transit System
April 22, 2017
Urban Mass Transit Company (UMTC) organised a stakeholder engagement for the Delhi-Gurgaon-Rewari-Alwar RRTS on the 22nd of April at the India Habitat Centre in New Delhi. Research Associates Suzana Jacob and Rewa Marathe participated in the workshop on behalf of the CIDCO Smart City Lab.
UMTC shared the DPR for the RRTS corridor, outlining the technical specifications and the financial models adopted for the project. The presentations included a discussion on the alignment and construction of the corridor along with expected ridership and revenue generation, multi-modal integration at the various stations and the development of the area around it. Ministry of Urban Development Additional Secretary Shri. D.S. Mishra delivered the inaugural address for the workshop.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab presents on National Smart City Mission at Constitution Club
March 22, 2017
Siddharth Pandit, Chair – CIDCO Smart City Lab, presented an overview of the National Smart City Mission to Members of Parliament at Constitution Club. PRS Legislative Research organised the talk where NIUA was invited to give insights on the National Smart City Mission. The presentation included an overview of the Mission, highlights from the Smart City Proposals of 33 cities and implementation parameters such as formation SPV and PMC, and challenges and opportunities lying ahead. The presentation can be viewed here-Smart City Mission PRS 22.3.17
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab submits suggestions on the National TOD Policy Draft
March 3, 2017
The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Government of India has prepared a draft for the national Transit Oriented Development (TOD) policy. On 28th February 2017, it held a workshop to brief the States and UTs on the policy framework. CIDCO Smart City Lab submitted suggestions/inputs for the TOD policy draft to the MoUD based on its learnings from the study conducted on TOD in Indian Smart Cities. These suggestions/inputs were structured into three parts:
· overall suggestions for sections
· specific suggestions for amendment to the existing language within the sections
· specific recommendations for critical issues that should be included in the policy.
Some of the key suggestions/inputs submitted are as follows:
1. Establish access to high-quality mass transit and parking restrictions as the underlying core mechanism for TOD.
2. TOD should support higher density than the surrounding area. Density should be defined in terms of built-up area, population and jobs (per unit area). FSI should not be used as the sole measure of density. High density should be complemented with a mix of land uses (places of work, residence and leisure) to reduce the need to travel.
3. TOD developments should address the larger housing needs of the city by including a larger component of affordable housing (including rental, micro units and temporary shelter housing). Further, classification of the housing stock should be diversified beyond traditional income-based groups to include tenure, size, composition, household type (from census definition).
4. DCRs and Form-Based Codes should be used to create street-oriented buildings and active street frontages that lead to the use of public spaces all through the day. This can help make the neighbourhood vibrant and safer through natural surveillance. Public spaces should also accommodate the informal sector (such as street vendors).
5. Engagement of the private sector in the process of developing a TOD to enable the developers to build projects that respond to the local environment, improving the chances of its success. This will also help the local governments deficient in capacity, experience and resources, in long term and large-scale citizen engagement.
6. Reorganisation of the 21 principles of TOD outlined by MoUD in their TOD Guidance Document, into 5 constructs of TOD: Design, Density, Diversity, Housing and Mobility - to simplify the discussion on TOD.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab @ International Workshop for Development of TOD Projects in Indian Smart Cities
January 16, 2017
CIDCO Smart City Lab participated in a two day International Workshop on the Development of TOD Projects in Indian Smart Cities on 12th and 13th January, 2017. The event was organised for administrators of Smart Cities, which have proposed implementation of TODs in their Smart City Proposals. City representatives and PMCs from 13 cities took part in the event held at India Habitat Center in New Delhi.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab @ Roundtable on Smart Cities : Enabling Citizen Participation Through Technology
November 16, 2016
Siddharth Pandit, Chair, NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab, presented at the roundtable hosted by Jaanagraha on “Smart Cities: Enabling Citizen Participation through Technology". The roundtable was organized to look at the whole gamut of citizen participation in governance including use of technology, the available digital engagement tools and the challenges in enhancing its usage. The experience of various stakeholders in activating and enhancing citizen participation in governance were shared.
In the presentation titled "Citizens Engagement in Smart Cities Mission", Siddharth shared the findings about the efforts taken by the 20 Lighthouse Cities and the important differences in the approach to strategic planning the National Smart City Mission is advocating than the traditional top down landuse planning process. As such citizen engagement becomes an important part of organizational culture and decision making for planning bodies and the impacts will be seen over time rather than overnight successes. Yet for lack of previous experience, city agencies have shown the appetite and adaptability to undertake this new approach in urban transformation; the lighthouse cities have exemplified the quality of their proposals by emphasizing citizen engagement. Technology has enabled undoubtedly to jumpstart the collaboration and idea seeking for visioning, area identification and project prioritization. The challenge remains to permeate this process during the implementation and monitoring of the projects as the mission moves forward.
The presentation can be viewed here.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes combined issue (Vol 2, issue 2 & 3) of its newsletter
November 2, 2016
CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes combined issue (Vol 2, issue 2 & 3) of its newsletter detailing the team’s activities between April 2016 and September 2016. The newsletter titled ‘CIDCO@Smart' gives an insight into the work done by the CIDCO Smart City Lab team in the areas of Research, Capacity Building, Innovation and Project support for CIDCO.
The newsletter is available for download at newsletter_vol_2_issue_23
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City lab joins immersion visit to UK with 10 city representatives and MoUD representative
October 31, 2016
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab participated in an immersion visit to London organised for representatives from 10 smart cities. The group included eight Municipal Commissioners from Bhubaneswar, Indore, Jabalpur, Ranchi, Raipur, Chandigarh, Faridabad and Davanagere, CEO of SPV of Guwahati Smart City, Commissioner of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority, Director of AMRUT Mission and Director of NIUA. The trip was arranged as part of a research project on Transit Oriented Development for Indian Smart Cities. It included site visits to King's Cross & Canary Wharf and interaction with representatives from Transport for London, London School of Economics, RICS, ARUP and Future Cities Catapult among others.
More information about the visit can be found here.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab @ National Consultation Workshop for Development of TOD in Indian Smart Cities
September 6, 2016
CIDCO Smart City Lab participated in the National Consultation Workshop for Development of TOD in Indian Smart Cities on 3rd September, 2016. The event was organised for administrators of Smart Cities, which have proposed implementation of TODs in their Smart City Proposals. The purpose of the workshop was to discuss challenges in operationalisation of TOD projects in these cities.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab @ European Cyclists’ Federation
August 11, 2016
Siddharth Pandit, Chair, CIDCO Smart City Lab wrote for the European Cyclists' Federation on the subject of Bicycling in India. This was part of their ongoing Smart Cycling Series where they invite visionaries and leaders in the field of mobility to share their thoughts and visions. The article can be viewed here.
NIUA along with the United Nations Major Group for Children and Youth (UN MGCY) leads a Side Event on the theme: Prioritizing Children and Youth within the New Urban Agenda at the Preparatory Committee (PrepCom 3) of Habitat III
July 18, 2016
NIUA along with the United Nations Major Group for Children and Youth (UN MGCY) is the leading organizing intuition for a Side Event on the theme: Prioritizing Children and Youth within the New Urban Agenda at the third session of the Preparatory Committee (PrepCom 3) of the third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) being held at Surabaya, Indonesia from Monday 25 July to Wednesday, 27 July 2016.
This side event will aim to prioritise children and youth within the New Urban Agenda, highlighting their needs in cities across the globe around issues such as housing, sanitation, education, health, transportation, mobility, environment and leisure to bring them into the centre stage of discussions within the New Urban Agenda and the SDGs. This side event will provide a space not only to recognise how children and youth have been active in the Habitat III process, but also highlight and advocate their priorities and recommendations towards the New Urban Agenda. This event will feature a diverse range of speakers – including one child leader and two youth – drawn from our strong affiliate of partners that include Bernard van Leer Foundation (BvLF), Cities Alliance, India Youth Fund, United Cities and Local Governments Asia Pacific (UCLG ASPAC), UN Habitat and World Vision International.
Central Government announces 13 more smart cities
May 27, 2016
Central Government has announced 13 more Smart Cities from the 23 cities that submitted their Smart Cities Proposal in April 2016. Lucknow topped the list of winners of the Fast Track competition conducted for 23 cities belonging to the 23 states /UTs that did not make it in the first round of winning proposals. These cities improved the quality of their Smart City Proposals based on the feedback received.
33 cities from 25 States/UTs are now covered under Smart City Mission. The winners of the Fast Track competition are Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Warangal (Telanagana), Dharamshala, (Himachal Pradesh), Chandigarh, Raipur (Chattisgarh), New Town Kolkata(West Bengal), Bhagalpur (Bihar), Panaji, (Goa), Port Blair (Andaman & Nicobar Islands), Imphal (Manipur), Ranchi (Jharkhand), Agartala (Tripura) and Faridabad (Haryana).
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab develops a knowledge product on Value Capture from Infrastructure Investments for Smart Cities
May 18, 2016
CIDCO Smart City Lab develops a knowledge product on Value Capture from Infrastructure Investments for Smart Cities. This paper attempts to capture some of the best practices that cities globally have attempted for Value Capture Finance (VCF), a principle that communities benefiting from public investments on infrastructure should pay for it. The paper may be found here.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes Volume 2 Number 1 of its newsletter- A National Smart Cities Mission Special Issue, detailing the team’s activities between January 2016 and March 2016
May 16, 2016
CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes Volume 2 Number 1 of its newsletter, detailing the team’s activities between January 2016 and March 2016. This issue captures the National Smart City mission in elaborate details and the highlights of the first 20 cities that were announced as early winners of the mission in January 2016. The newsletter looks at the game changing interventions in the smart cities mission such as demand driven planning, learning and replicability, special purpose vehicle and convergence, and discusses them across the lighthouse cities. It also presents preliminary analyses of several emerging themes the SCPs focus on, which include integrated mobility, environmental sustainability, use of information and communication technology and financial resource management. Beyond the national smart cities mission, the newsletter in the section ‘smart city corner’, engages the readers in a comparison of the smart city programme in India and the US. This section also discusses latest technology used in France for sustainable district wide heating and cooling. Additionally the newsletter features snapshots of three top ranked cities of the first cycle of national smart cities mission- Bhubaneswar, Pune and Jaipur, with highlights of their SCPs that make them stand apart from the rest. With contents that cover the expanse of the smart cities mission of India, this newsletter is intended as a summary of the SCPs of the 20 lighthouse cities.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab gives comments on UNCSTD theme paper on Smart Cities
April 25, 2016
Siddharth Pandit- Chair, CIDCO Smart City Lab, gave comments on UN Committee on Science Technology and Development (UNCSTD) theme paper on Smart cities. The report presents key urbanisation trends and their links to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Department of Science and Technology will be participating in the 19th Session of the UNCSTD that will deliberate on the report. The comments may be found here.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab attends at the BRICS Friendship Cities Conclave 2016
April 16, 2016
Nanda Kishore – Research Fellow, CIDCO Smart City Lab - attended the BRICS Friendship Cities Conclave 2016 as a Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India representative. This conclave, which was held in Mumbai on April 14, 15 & 16, 2016, saw representatives from Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa discuss urban challenges such as security, public transport and affordable housing; an opportunity for BRICS Cities to learn from each other and overcome challenges together.
NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab presents at WRI India Sustainable Cities CONNECTKaro 2016 Conference
April 5, 2016
Siddharth Pandit - Chair, CIDCO Smart City Lab - presented at WRI India Sustainable Cities conference, CONNECTKaro 2016 in New Delhi. The objective of the seminar, which was held over three days between April 5 and April 7, was to discuss challenges and solutions in the areas of transport and access, urban expansion, land management, renewable energy, air pollution, new mobility, and road safety in cities, drawing from global best practices and applying them to the Indian context. This seminar hosted political leaders, senior bureaucrats, policymakers, business leaders, and experts coming from around the world and country to share their knowledge and expertise on sustainable urban development. In a presentation titled "India Smart Cities and Urban Transport", Mr. Pandit spoke about the present transportation situation in India and the ambitious objectives of the Smart Cities Mission. The presentation can be accessed here.
CIDCO Smart City Lab presents at UITP India Bus Seminar in Delhi
March 29, 2016
Siddharth Pandit - Chair, CIDCO Smart City Lab - presented at the 2nd UITP India Bus Seminar which was held in Delhi on March 29, 2016. The objective of the seminar was to remind the importance of bus based public transport system, to deliberate on ways of making buses more and of developing new bus technologies (electric, hybrid, etc.). This seminar hosted experts coming from around the world and country to share their knowledge and expertise on addressing challenges around increasing bus ridership towards reducing traffic congestion and enhancing quality of life. In a presentation titled "Urban Development and Public Transport", Mr Pandit spoke about the present transportation situation in India and the ambitious objectives promoted by the Smart Cities Mission.
CIDCO Smart City Lab assists the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, for the Indo-German Exchange Meeting
March 7, 2016
Dr. Sameer Sharma, Additional Secretary, Smart Cities, Mr. Munish Kumar Garg, Director, Smart Cities, and Mr. Sajeesh Kumar N., Deputy Secretary, Smart Cities, spoke at the Indo-German exchange meeting, sharing some of the Smart City Lab's analysis of the winning Smart City Proposals. CIDCO Smart City Lab assisted the ministry in identifying the projects related to climate change and integrated mobility for the top 20 smart cities. Some of these projects will be taken up by the GIZ and KFW.
CIDCO Smart City Lab at Velo-city Global 2016 Evolution of Cycling, Taipei, Taiwan
February 28, 2016
Siddharth Pandit - Chair, CIDCO Smart City Lab - presented at Velo-City Global 2016 in Taipei, Taiwan. In a presentation titled "#Indiahasathingwithbikes" he spoke about bicycles & the smart cities in India. The presentation can be seen here.Velo-city is a series of cycle planning conferences organized by European Cyclists Federation to bring together those involved in policy, promotion and the provision of cycling facilities and programs. To learn more about the conference visit their website at www.velo-city2016.com.
Smart City Lab Participates in Workshop on Using Data to Build Safer Cities by Safetipin
February 9, 2016
Rewa Marathe, Research Associate at the Smart City Lab, participated in a workshop on "Using Data to Build Safer Cities" by Safetipin. It included a panel discussion with Ashok Bhattacharjee - Former Director Planning, UTTIPEC, AGK Menon - INTACH Founder-Member, Nandita Bhatla - Senior Technical Specialist at ICRW and Kalpana Vishwanath - Co-Founder Safetipin. The discussion covered challenges of collecting data of the intangible 'feeling of safety', exclusion in planning and design and the gendered nature of the built space. Safetipin also presented its work, explaining their safety audits and the mobile application based data collection process. To learn more about Safetipin visit their website at http://safetipin.com/
National Smart Cities Challenge Winners Announced
January 28, 2016
Government announces the 20 winners of the National Smart Cities Challenge. The winning cities and towns are from 11 states and UTs. Total investment of Rs. 50,802 Crores has been proposed for over a period of five years. The Smart Cities Mission is expected to promote a holistic approach towards development of the cities. These twenty cities account for 3.54 crore population. The 23 States and UTs who could not make to the list of winners will be given an opportunity to participate in a ‘fast track competition’. The highest ranking city from each of the remaining 23 States and UTs can upgrade their smart city proposals and submit them by April 15 2016, for inclusion in the mission.
The press release from NIUA & CBUD can be seen here.
NIUA Collaborates with IIT Madras for Smart Cities Challenge at Shaastra 2016
January 23, 2016
In collaboration with NIUA, IIT Madras held a Smart Cities Challenge at Tech-fest Shaastra 2016. The participants proposed IOT solutions based on the ideas from National Smart City Mission's 'Mera Shehar Mera Sapna' Contest. The entries were judged by a panel of members from NIUA, MoUD, DEIT , and IIT. Siddharth Pandit, Chair - CIDCO Smart City Lab represented NIUA.
For the first stage, all the participating teams submitted their proposals, outlining the concept and the workflow of the proposed IOT solution. For the second stage, twenty shortlisted submissions were presented to panel on the 23rd of January and three winning proposals were chosen. The competition was a great success at the Shaastra 2016 and received positive feedback from all the participants.
The winning proposals in the order of their rank -
Ration Station, Sastra University, Tanjore
Smart Manholes, IIT Madras
Ride On, IIT Madras
Further Details of the competition are available here.
CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes combined issue (3 & 4) of its newsletter.
January 22, 2016
CIDCO Smart City Lab publishes combined issue (3 & 4) of its newsletter detailing the team’s activities between July 2015 and December 2015. The newsletter titled ‘CIDCO@Smart‘ gives an insight into the work done by the smart cities unit in the areas of Research, Capacity Building, Innovation and Project support for CIDCO.
The third and fourth combined edition showcases the Smart City Plan of CIDCO in CIDCO Navi Mumbai (South). Each issue beginning from this will showcase an overview on one objective area and one project of high impact from the plan. A section on inclusive planning is also introduced. This issue presents an interview with V. Radha, IAS, Joint Managing Director (JMD), CIDCO, on gender inclusive planning at CIDCO. The newsletter also presents initiatives at NIUA-CIDCO Smart City lab which include Citizen engagement strategy for Smart Cites and Designing for Bicycle based Mobility along with a case study- Bike-share system at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi.
Various smart policies and technologies across the globe which include the application of ICT beyond e- Governance in Smart Cities, Privately Owned Public Spaces and Smart Bus Shelter is captured in this newsletter. It is hoped that featuring these ideas can instigate dialogues and potentially implementation in Indian cities especially Navi Mumbai. The latest progress of the National Smart City Mission is also discussed in this issue.
The Newsletter can be viewed here.
Smart City Lab presents on “Urban Infrastructure in India”at PRS Legislative Research.
January 8, 2016
Siddharth Pandit, Chair - CIDCO Smart City Lab, presented an overview of the Urban Infrastructure Policies in India at PRS Legislative Research to the current LAMP Fellows.
The first urban infrastructure policy in India, Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, was launched in 2005 to address the challenges of urbanization, need for urban sector development and improve quality of life in cities. A decade later, Government of India is taking the next steps in process with AMRUT, Smart Cities Mission, Housing for All, HRIDAY and Swacch Bharat. This presentation highlights the challenges and successes of these policies. The presentation can be viewed here.
CIDCO Smart City Lab presents “Technology and City” at Columbia Global Center Mumbai
December 17, 2015
Siddharth Pandit, Chair - CIDCO Smart City Lab presented an overview of the National Smart City Mission and the CIDCO Smart City Plan at the 'Technology and City ' workshop arranged by Columbia Global Center, South Asia, Mumbai.
The presentation showcased the depth and breadth of ICT initiatives implemented in India. These initiatives have traditionally focused on improving governance (e-Governance) and efficiency of service delivery. The National Smart City Mission's emphasis on scaling up these ICT initiatives to other areas of urban planning such as water, sanitation, housing and public transportation and on convergence of knowledge and financial resources was discussed.
CIDCO's recently released Smart City Plan was highlighted through the various ICT initiatives under the objectives areas of the plan. CIDCO is scaling up its commitment to technology as a key enabler to sustainable urban planning. The various initiatives can be found at https://cidco-smartcity.niua.org/cidco-smart-city-plan/
The presentation can be found here
Smart City Lab assists in preparation of CIDCO Smart City Action Plan
December 7, 2015
CIDCO launched its Smart City Action Plan at the hands of Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Devendra Fadnavis on December 4th, 2015 at the Vashi Exhibition Centre in Navi Mumbai. The NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab assisted in the process by facilitating preparation and documentation of proposed smart projects across the various departments of CIDCO. The projects span the brownfield development in the seven nodes of CIDCO Navi Mumbai (South) and the greenfield development at Pushpak Nagar. The projects are divided into 10 objective areas
Smart Organisation : CIDCO recognized early on in its Smart City journey, that to be able to successfully deliver on its Smart City vision, it has to develop itself into a world class organization.As part of this transformational process, CIDCO reviewed the changes in the business environment and proposed to strengthen the four core fundamental principles around which its Smart City vision is anchored, namely – People, Technology, Environment and Efficiency.CIDCO is investing Rs 219.5 Crores by 2019 in various initiatives towards transforming its organization.
E-Governance, Transparency and Ease of Business : Improving transparency and ease of doing business using technology transformation.CIDCO’s Twenty Point Transparency plan has focused on improving public services and growing citizens’ expectations. The transparency plan initiated by CIDCO is a coordinated effort by the Management to improve citizen experience. The plans range from creating a governance framework for better delivery of key e-governance initiatives to creating policies and procedures that would be a guide for employees and stakeholders in delivery.CIDCO is investing Rs 170.04 Crores by 2016 in various initiatives towards using people, processes and technology.
Environmental Sustainability : Environmental Sustainability has been an integral part of the smart city vision. CIDCO has been sensitive towards preservation of environment since the inception of the Navi Mumbai project and has accordingly taken measures to protect it. With renewed vigor it is rededicating to this cause by strengthening its efforts through development of mangrove parks, nature park, missions like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, special projects like river front development etc. Wherever required, CIDCO is determined to regulate undesirable developments and promoting causes such as conservation of water by mandatory stipulations.
CIDCO is investing Rs 418 Crores by 2019 in various initiatives in its efforts towards environmental sustainability.
Swachh Bharat : The mission initiated by the Government of India last year is being fully supported by CIDCO, through employment of good sanitation practices including solid waste management and preventing open defecation through construction of toilets for the convenience of people.CIDCO is investing Rs 378.75 Crores by 2020 towards new sewage treatment plants (STPs), using technologies such as GIS in mapping of health hotspots and in its solid waste management.
Financial Independence : CIDCO believes that cities can flourish if they are financially independent, i.e. all finances required for sustenance of a city have to be generated within the city. These could be based on value added services to citizens, rent on leased public spaces, strategic use of land for commercial ventures etc. Financially sustainable cities attract industries, residential interests, and better social infrastructure and create employment for citizens. CIDCO is undertaking all its major infrastructure, transportation, port and affordable housing initiatives costing Rs.32744 Cr. as well as smart city initiatives costing nearby Rs.2033.40 Cr. out of its self-generated resources. This is because CIDCO has developed a robust market intelligence driven system wherever land is monetized in order to fund the city development.
Inclusive Planning : A key building block of the Smart City is to keep it inclusive where in the women, elderly, differently-abled and sons of soil feel at home. CIDCO has always been ahead of the curve in recognizing and addressing this issue. A holistic approach is considered, wherein physical planning (by way of providing plots for various activities) is supported by commensurate social environment. Housing, employment training , resource centers and recreation centers are some of the initiatives that will benefit from CIDCO’s planned investment of Rs 10911.85 Crores by 2019 towards inclusionary planning.
Quality of Life : Special projects such as Nature Park, Central Park, Golf Course, River front development, have been envisaged to promote greenery and ensure environment sustainability. These have been conceptualized with a view to not only add value to the city and offer its citizens opportunity for recreation etc. but also make water bodies more accessible to the people so that unscrupulous activities do not take place and degrade the environment. CIDCO envisages that one of the key building blocks of a smart city is to develop Navi Mumbai as a city of choice for its residents by offering livability and quality of life. This will be attained by providing, public safety, open spaces, social facilities etc. for a stress free, environmentally friendly citizen experience.
As part of this initiative, CIDCO has undertaken range of projects, namely, river fronts, water fronts and Marina. CIDCO has worked out a comprehensive model towards protecting and enriching open spaces and is investing Rs. 635 Crores by 2019 in these quality of life initiatives.
Provision of Basic Infrastructure :As part of self-sustained city program, Infrastructure is the core block that involves application of new strategies and technologies. CIDCO has always aimed to provide adequate infrastructure in the form of water, sanitation, roads, railways, information and communication technology –in order to improve living standards and enhance productivity, mobility and connectivity.
Water supply, power, road network, bus transport systems are some of the investments planned by CIDCO, which is investing Rs 7484.26 Crores by 2019 in world class urban infrastructure.
Transit Oriented Development (TOD) : CIDCO has pioneered the concept of Transit Oriented Development (TOD) by exploiting the air space above railway stations, the landmark being Vashi & Belapur station complex developed in late 90s. On the suburban rail network currently under development, i.e. the Nerul – Seawood – Uran corridor, the Seawood station and its adjoining commercial hub project is another iconic project of TOD.
‘Smart Cities’ are those where the residents can either walk to their work places or have public transport system right next to their houses, so that they can reach their work places quickly. CIDCO had been developing the bus transport and railway transport systems. CIDCO’s ground breaking concept of ‘Railway Station cum Commercial Complex’ makes it a major driving force behind the city’s economic development
CIDCO has launched several rail projects in partnership with central railways and has now ventured into METRO development.
Smart City Lab participates in FGD on Green Freight
November 9, 2015
Ryan Christopher Sequeira, Research Fellow participated in the 2nd Green Freight India Working Group Focused Group Discussion organised by Clean Air Asia and hosted by NITI Aayogon November 5th, 2015 in New Delhi.
Clean Air Asia was established in 2001 as the premier air quality network for Asia by the Asian Development Bank, World Bank, and USAID. Its mission is to promote better air quality and livable cities by translating knowledge to policies and actions that reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from transport, energy and other sectors.
Smart City Lab participates in Consultation on building a framework for Gender Inclusive Smart Cities
November 9, 2015
Dr. Debolina Kundu, Advisor and Rewa Marathe, Research Associate engaged in a day long consultation hosted by UN Women and Akshara on Gender Inclusive Smart Cities in Mumbai on 4th November 2015. Dr. Kundu presented the vision of the National Smart Cities Mission and spoke about the role of data in making smart cities inclusive. Other attendees included elected representatives from local municipalities, civil society organizations and planning consultants. The group deliberated upon the issues of mobility and access to the city, impact of affordable housing and the role of technology and public participation in making gender an overarching issue for the development process.
Smart City Lab to present at National Energy Policy Workshop at NITI Aayog
November 6, 2015
National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, Government of India has been entrusted with the task to prepare the National Energy Policy framework in consultation with a large number of stakeholders. NITI Aayog has been organising high level stakeholder dialogue with stakeholder ministries, research organisations, industry experts, and academia to ensure such a policy to be broad based.
NITI Aayog with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) as the knowledge partner is organising "National Energy Policy Workshop", a High level Stakeholder Dialogue on "Exploring Demand-side Concerns for an Energy Secure India".
A. N. Nanda Kishore will be a panellist discussing infrastructure constraints that hamper growth for the consumption sectors and seeks to discuss options that will provide for a long-term integrated infrastructure planning in session "Balancing sustainability and rising demand for housing" from 1615 to 1730 hours.
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CIDCO to present Navi Mumbai Smart City model at 3rd Annual Conference on Smart Cities in India
October 12, 2015
India Infrastructure Publishing is organising the 3rd Annual Conference on Smart Cities in Indiaon October 15 and 16, 2015 at The Imperial, New Delhi. The mission of the conference is to highlight the opportunities in smart cities, discuss the challenges, examine implementation strategies and showcase technologies. The conference will also present noteworthy global initiatives and projects.
P. Suresh Babu, Coordinator, Smart City Lab and Additional Chief Planner (A&R), CIDCO will be presenting the Navi Mumbai Smart City model on Day 2.
Bloomberg Philanthropies to conduct Ideas Camp on smart city development
October 1, 2015
Bloomberg Philanthropies', knowledge partner to MoUD for the Smart City Mission, will conduct an Ideas Camp to empower Mayors and ULBs with knowledge of processes and challenges of Smart City development. The Camp is the first element of a program of support developed to help municipal leaders learn from each other and to connect with leading urban practitioners and experts in India and around the world.
The Smart City Lab will coordinate two sessions on Pan-city Initiatives and Financing Smart Cities at the Camp that is being held at the JW Marriot, Delhi on 6 and 7 October, 2015.
For more details visit www.smartcitieschallenge.in
Smart City Lab to present at National Conference on De-polluting Indian Cities
September 10, 2015
International Development Centre Foundation is organising a 2 day National Conference on De-polluting Indian Cities on September 18 and 19, 2015 in partnership with GRC India Ltd., Ministry of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India, Indian Council of Medical Research, School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi and International Roma Cultural University, Serbia. The conference will be held at the India International Centre, New Delhi.
A. N. Nanda Kishore will be a panellist discussing 'Smart Cities and Climate Smart Cities' in Technical Session III from 1545 to 1700 hours on Day 1.
Smart City Lab presents development of Navi Mumbai at ‘Urban Planning for City Leaders’ Workshop at Kuala Lumpur
September 9, 2015
The 30th KLRTC Workshop was jointly organized by CityNet, UN-Habitat and the Kuala Lumpur Regional Training Centre from September 7-9, 2015. Staged by Kuala Lumpur City Hall, this year’s workshop was specifically designed for urban practitioners and decision makers from rapidly growing contexts and offered new tools for sustainable planning and an opportunity to strategize for a new urban agenda.
With limited resources, a fast changing urban landscape and short political cycles, however, harnessing the benefits of urbanszation can be a difficult task. This short course gets urban actors asking the right questions about land use in their city, bridges the technical and policy dimensions of urban planning, and emphasizes a people-centered approach to decision making.
Attended by 21 participants from nine countries, the workshop was based on UN-Habitat’s unique publication “Urban Planning for City Leaders” launched in 2013 and has been greatly received and applied in Malaysia, Vietnam, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, Kenya, Mexico, Saint Lucia and the Philippines. Some of the modules were Sustainable Urban Pattern and New Urban Agenda, Planning Approach for Achieving Sustainable Urban Development, Public Space for a Liveable City and Dynamics of Urban Planning Challenges.
One of the workshop highlights was the peer-to peer review where participants had a fruitful discussion to analyse and identify key challenges and strategies and come up with a set of recommendations to develop an urban regeneration project, Sungai Besi Town. This project aims at upgrading the quality of township in this area to increase tourism and business activity at the area of Sungai Besi and is currently at the planning phase. They went to visit the project prior to the discussion.
This year’s KLRTC workshop that focused on a more practical level is expected to equip participants with ready-to-use tools to improve their own projects and thus bring tangible improvements for their cities at their disposal.
CIDCO to present Smart City Plan at NITI Aayog
August 31, 2015
NITI Aayog is organising a workshop titled “Transforming Urban India: Developing Smart and Sustainable Cities” on September 2, 2015, from 10:30 hrs to 13:15 hrs at Multipurpose Hall (Kamladevi Complex), India International Centre, 40 - Max Mueller Marg, New Delhi. The workshop will provide a platform for exchange of ideas and knowledge among key stakeholders on issues related to the development of smart and sustainable cities. The Centre for Study of Science, Technology and Policy (CSTEP), Bengaluru is the knowledge partner for this event.
Mr. Sanjay Bhatia, IAS will present CIDCO's Smart City plan at the Workshop and is the only planning authority invited to make a presentation.
Smart City Lab coordinates sessions on ‘Smart City Urban Planning’ at Smart Cities India 2015
May 11, 2015
The Smart Cities India 2015 exhibition and conference is taking place at Pragati Maidan from May 20 to 22, 2015 to bring forth innovative developments in transforming our cities. The three days conference will help in redefining our urban infrastructure.
Ryan Christopher Sequeira, Fellow, Smart City Lab will be coordinating 4 sessions on Urban Planning for Smart Cities on behalf of the National Institute of Urban Affairs.
Day 1: 1130 to 1300 hours
Day 1: 1400 to 1530 hours
Day 3: 1000 to 1130 hours
Day 3: 1145 to 1315 hours
Smart City Lab authors Background Paper for Round table discussion and consultation on Sustainable Energy Integration in Smart Cities
May 1, 2015
The Smart Cities Mission is an ambitious initiative that is pan-India and cuts across sectors. It seeks to redefine not just urban life but also the Indian economy and our social fabric as a whole. The potential is transformational, however, this mammoth undertaking necessitates a paradigm shift in the way we have been managing our cities. Smart Cities can be thought of as a singular overarching idea that brings under it multiple ideas that are whole economic sectors in themselves.
Sustainable Energy is one such idea in the quintessential multi-axial complex of Smart-Cities architecture and design. In the long list of public goods and services that a city provides its inhabitants with, Energy is preeminent. The direct impact and the indirect nexus that energy has withpossibly every other sector, including critical ones such as water, transport, and industry makes Energy one of the topmost priorities when addressing the Smart Cities Mission. Before implementation begins, this mission will benefit from cogent mechanism design, a definitional framework with well-defined standards and standardized systems that are suitably modified only to meet regional and local objectives or constraints.
This first stakeholder consultation would act as the preliminary step towards achieving this objective. This background paper seeks to be a ‘conversation starter’ around the idea of Sustainable Energy integration in Smart Cities and would kick-start wide consultations with stakeholders that would ultimately inform government policy towards a cogent cohesive implementation framework for executing the Smart Cities Mission.
Smart City Lab authors Conference Paper on ‘The Role of m2m+iot in Smart Cities of India’
February 19, 2015
India m2m + iot Forum is the most premium global platform for the machine-to-machine (m2m) and internet of things (iot) community and offers the best opportunity for learning, sharing, connecting, networking, branding and positioning with senior decision makers associated with machine-to-machine (m2m) and the internet of things (iot) world.
The conference will be held on February 19 and 20, 2015 at the Royal Plaza, New Delhi and aims at enriching the machine-to-machine (m2m) and internet of things (iot) ecosystem with market intelligence, technology trends, success stories and capacity building. It is a confluence of a variety of activities in the form of keynote sessions, panel discussions, technology showcase, dialogue and exchange forums - covering the vast gamut of technology, application, policy, use cases from across India and the world.
Dinesh Kapur and Ryan Christopher Sequeira of the Smart City Lab authored the Conference Paper titled 'Smart Cities in India - the role of m2m+iot'
Smart City Lab to present at Digital India Conclave
December 2, 2014
India Inc. along with FICCI, Invest India and Chase India is organising a Digital India Conclave, a series of online and offline activities pivoting around two roundtables in New Delhi and Washington DC. The conclave will bring together around 100 -150 key stakeholders across government/public sector, the private sector as well as other influencers such as think tanks, media and specialist experts.
The Digital India programme by India Inc. is a part of a strategic dialogue series. It involves key stakeholders and influencers who focus on the potential of India US collaboration around some of the key initiatives of the Indian Government. These programmes will be part of the India US Partnership Hub that was launched during Prime Minister Modi's visit to the US in Septmeber 2014.
This online- offline integrated 4 month programme will bring in perspectives and participation from senior policy decision makers in the Government and industry along with other key influencers around a discourse to achieve the following objectives:
Identify the challenges and opportunities in the Digital India initiative
Identifying synergies that can be created between industries and the Government to successfully implement the Digital India initiative.
Explore how the India US collaboration could help in achieving the Digital India vision
Involve key stakeholders and influencers in defining a roadmap that will lead towards a truly Digital India
Produce a series of online – offline activities to facilitate discourse culminating in a bespoke online publication.
Siddharth Pandit, Chair, Smart City Lab is to speak as a panelist in the session on “Digital India & Smart Cities” at the first conclave of the Digital India Programme on 5th December 2014 at Longchamp Hall, Hotel Taj Mansingh, New Delhi at 11 am.
Smart City Lab to present at NextGen City Jaipur
December 1, 2014
The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Government of India and Governance Now is jointly organising the NextGen Cities Conclave in Jaipur on 4th December 2014 at the ITC Rajputana. The Conclave will be attended by key officials of the state government, various agencies, academia, industry and the media.
The NextGen Cities Conclave is a part of the series of capacity building conference on smart cities that Governance Now is organising across India. The Conclave will be attended by key officials of the state government, various agencies, academia, industry and the media.
Siddharth Pandit, Chair, Smart City Lab will speak on Integrated Urban Planning and Development on the session between 1445 and 1530 hours.