Navi Mumbai’s close proximity to Jawaharlal Nehru Port has given rise to tremendous economic opportunities in the region but it has also brought with it environmental and planning concerns. In recent years, with the port expanding its operations, problems of traffic congestion and parking have emerged on the nearby highways and surrounding villages that have a ripple effect on mobility in Navi Mumbai. This is undesirable from an economic and environmental point of view. With the port likely to expand operations to double its current capacity, the demands on the surrounding areas will increase significantly.
On 2nd – 3rd March 2015 the Smart City Team organized a workshop with CIDCO to discuss challenges faced in urban planning in and around major ports with a focus on the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Influence Area. The workshop was organized to support Additional Chief Planner Ms. Aparna Vedula – in charge of planning land-use and allocation of resources in the influence area of the port. The discussions were focused on helping orient the planning towards providing adequate services to the port while meeting local development priorities without compromising the natural environment. The speakers at the workshop included Industry Association Leaders, Private Sector Consultants in Port Management and Planning, Experts from Academia and representatives of various ports and port cities across India (including JNP).
Download the workshop agenda below
Key recommendations that emerged from the workshop
“Collaboration with stakeholders and long-term planning of land use in the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Influence Area crucial for deriving maximum benefit for the city of Navi Mumbai.”
The sessions were attended by heads from different departments at CIDCO. Significantly, each session was attended by planners at different stages of their career in CIDCO. Feedback from the attendees, suggested that the workshop gave them a thorough understanding of port operations, expectations from planners and ideas for the JNP influence area.
Follow up activities to build on these discussions and engage with experts at the workshop are being planned by CIDCO. The workshop has thrown up the idea of engaging with experts through workshops as opposed to hiring consultants to support activities. Although the workshop was successful in achieving its outcomes there is still a long road (or quay) ahead. For now, a special mention for the Chief Vigilance Officer, Dr Pradnya Sarvade and Additional Chief Planner Ms. Aparna Vedula (and her team) for their leadership in organizing the workshop.
- Use of ICT to increase efficiency.
- Sea-use planning of waterways and inland water transport systems.
- Improved turnaround time and inter-terminal movement
- Begin transition from current rail to road share of 35:65 towards global best practice of 80:20
- Consultation with Traffic Police department while deciding schedules and traffic diversions for development works at the ports
- Port Community Software System that already incorporates NHAI and JNPT to be expanded to include Bombay Custom House Agents Association, Traffic Police and Transporters Association.
- Development of mobile app with access to every stakeholder
- Clustering of port activities and procedures and reflect the same in projections for traffic and space requirements.
- Wind energy resource to be developed along waterfront for electricity.
- Community Outreach Program with recreational activities may be allowed inside the port.
- Review existing facilities in immediate surroundings and provide ancillary facilities required by all stakeholders.
- Review of the use of space within the Container Freight Stations (CFS).
- Review of existing parking spaces (Temporary/ truck terminal) under BOT.
- Planning and development of internal roads to segregate local traffice from high speed vehicles.
- Priority actions – making provisions for repair services and installing adequate lighting.
- Separate provisions for empty container yards with exclusive connectivity.
- Provision of space for Customs House Agent (CHA) and Traffic Police in parking yard.
- ‘Hub and Spoke’ concept of planning ‐ Spread dry ports into the region and ensure exclusive connectivity. Dry port of different sizes can be spread into the region/influence area in Navi Mumbai, Khopta and NAINA. The dry ports should explore, to the extent possible, railway connectivity and multi modal dispersal.
- Segregation between port and allied activities area and main residential area is recommended based on the local geography. There should be an immediate buffer zone around the port containing theme parks, tree belts, museums showcasing port activities as part of the outreach program. Before the main residential area begins, 3 to 5 kms should be kept aside for port related activities.
- The feasibility of adopting the NAINA land acquisition model for creating dry ports in the influence area needs to be studied. CIDCO to explore the Town Planning Scheme for facilitating dry ports/ Container Freight Stations (CFS) hubs in these areas.
For CIDCO and JNPT
- Sub-group comprising of Mr. A. K Bose (Chief manager, Traffic JNPT), Mrs. Aparna Vedula (ACP, CIDCO), Mr. Soma Vijay Kumar (CGM‐TA, CIDCO), Mr. Paithankar (President of Maharashtra Heavy Vehicle & Interstate Container Operators Association), Mr. Arun Adak (CFSAI), Shri A. Salve (DCP, Traffic) to be formed to understand parking needs for port capacity of 10 Million TEUs and share of responsibilities between CIDCO and JNPT.
- Studies to be undertaken on the impact of port development on traffic in the influence area and wider region with at least two scenarios projections for 11 and 20 Million TEUs respectively. Transport influence should be checked on the entire Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR).
- Landmark building and feature to be created as port icon
For All Stakeholders under High Powered Committee
- On-wheel examination of vehicles to be stopped.
- Template of comprehensive village development plan (physical and social) to be prepared. PSUs in the JNPTIA to adopt villages.
- Factory stuffed containers to be identified and managed separately.
- Pollution and emission action plan.
- Maintenance of identified Parking Yards and Truck Terminal spaces may be handed over to Transporters Association.
- A competing company providing railway freight services other than CONCOR. Also, CONCOR should improve its pricing structure to encourage higher evacuation through railways.
- Road widening augmentation of State Highways / National Highways to be done as a top priority. Road safety audit for segregation of passenger and container traffic to be done immediately.
- To expedite development of dedicated freight corridor (DFC), multi-modal corridor (MMC) and coastal roads.
- Traffic police to be consulted while deciding the location for parking yards/truck terminals and allocating other facilities for truck drivers and port workers.
- Interlinking National Highway (NH) 4B and State Highway (SH) 54.
- Creating dedicated special squad to monitor traffic activities in the influence area.
- Transporters Association to track trucks using GPS technology