Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNP), also known as Nhava Sheva, established in the year 1989, is the largest container port in India. The port is managed by the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT), an entity that is under the purview of the Ministry of Shipping, Government of India.
JNPT handles 56 per cent of the country’s containerized cargo and ranks 24th among the top 100 container ports in the world. During the financial year 2013-2014 the port handled 62.33 million tonnes of cargo. Container traffic for the same year was 4.16 million Twenty-foot equivalents (TEU). JNPT is expected to expand operations to handle container traffic of around 10 million TEUs each year in the next few years.
The port covers an area of 22.70 square kilometers. At present it has three container terminal facilities with activities for building a fourth terminal expected to commence soon. The JNP is part of a wider area called Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust Influence Area (JNTPIA) that covers an area of 187.01 square kilometers.
Roadways are the primary evacuation mechanism for cargo associated with JNPT. As of 2005-06 roadways accounted for over 72 per cent of non-trans shipment cargo. The remaining is through railways. Approximately 10,000 trucks enter JNP and its peripheral roads on a daily basis. Access to the port includes a road connection via NH4B – a four lane (2+2) road built as per NHAI standards – and State Highway 54.
Despite provisions to evacuate the traffic associated with JNP’s activities, the region experiences heavy traffic congestion particularly during evening hours. This is attributed to trucks using roads outside JNP as a parking space or a waiting area. Queues stretch up to several kilometers. Instances of double parking by trucks bringing traffic to a complete standstill have also been reported. Parking lots available near the entry and exit points of JNP remain almost completely unused.
Several stakeholders, including state and central government agencies operate or exert jurisdiction over the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust Influence Area (JNPTIA). These include Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT), City Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO), Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC), Ministry of Finance (Jawaharlal Nehru Custom House), Railways, National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), Private CFS (Container Freight Station) operators, local villages (gaothan areas), Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation Ltd. (MSRDC), Navi Mumbai Police and local agencies operating in the Navi Mumbai region.
There is a perception that responsibilities of some of these agencies overlap. A need to clearly delineate obligations is felt. With JNP’s container traffic projected to expand to 10 million TEU in the coming years, ensuring smooth flow of traffic in the influence area outside the port is an urgent and pressing need.
Broad Scope of Work for Strategic Planning of JNPTIA
- The study is expected to establish and/or verify the baseline scenario of traffic congestion in JNPTIA. This will include, but is not limited to, modeling existing traffic flows on the road network in JNPTIA to estimate current traffic levels, modal split, peak hours for congestion and congestion points. An evaluation of the state of the current transportation infrastructure – length, size and quality of road infrastructure – to complement the baseline scenario is also expected.
- The study is expected to undertake an assessment of the physical infrastructure allocated for parking and waiting areas. This will include an assessment of the condition of the parking lots, demand analysis, and occupancy statistics.
- From a spatial perspective, analysis of land allocated for transportation in JNPTIA is required.
- The baseline will also provide information on the revenue generated from transportation in the JNPTIA and costs incurred in providing transport related facilities in JNPTIA. This should be provided for each of the major stakeholders associated with the traffic situation in the region.
- The baseline study and analysis mentioned above is expected to inform soft and hard strategies for easing traffic congestion in JNPTIA. Solutions under these broad strategies may vary from improvements in management practices associated with the port area and changes or upgrades to the existing physical infrastructure.
- Proposed strategies will cater to addressing the existing problem of traffic congestion in JNPTIA as well as mitigating congestion in the future keeping in mind the impending expansion of operations at the port.
- It is expected that the proposed strategies will cover a range of ideas including business-as-usual (BAU) and a range of least-cost / low-cost solutions including but not limited to smart city solutions.
- Any proposed solutions under a strategy (hard, soft, business-as-usual etc.) must include an implementation plan with actions for primary and secondary stakeholder agencies as appropriate.
- Each solution must be accompanied by a rigorous estimation of the financial burden that will be imposed on the agency executing the solution and a potential financial model for the same.
- A risk assessment for each proposed solution is essential.