Training Calendar

Are you curious about what are the variety of training programmes in the field of Smart City Planning?

Search NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab training calendar for an array of interesting national and international training programmes which includes conferences, workshops, expo, customized executive education program, immersion visits etc.

The main focus of the NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab Training Calendar is the capacity building of City and Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra Ltd. (CIDCO) staff. All the training activities in the calendar are directed towards the various departments at CIDCO wishing to enhance their capacities towards smart city planning, to share experiences about the current projects and, on occasion, to make contacts for future projects.

NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab is open to requests from training/research/academic/consultant organizations to publish their training programmes relevant to CIDCO functional areas, and also customized short term courses in town planning, engineering, finance, and administration.

For specific questions about any training program in particular or requests to publish, please write to Miss. Suzana Jacob at sjacob@niua.org.

 


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Development Timeline of Mumbai and Navi Mumbai

Mumbai City and environs has been a living urban lab for practitioners around the globe since decades. Some of the key aspects which highlight the journey of Mumbai as an emerging global city are:

  • Transition from trade to services
  • Busiest ports in the region
  • Cultural and Fashion Capital of India
  • Focal point of the growing regional system of cities

Mumbai city and suburban district is, at 440 sq.km., just over half the size of New York City, but is home to 12.4 million people. The wider metropolitan region, at 4,355 sq.km. is relatively small compared to other global regions, yet has a population of close to 20.7 million. It is one of five mega-city regions in South Asia .

The region comprises of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan, Navi Mumbai and Ulhasnagar, 15 Municipal Towns, 7 Non-Municipal Urban Centers, and 995 villages.Its administrative limits cover Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban Districts, and parts of Thane and Raigad District. There are 40 Planning Authorities in the region that are responsible for the micro-level planning of the different areas.

The timeline presented below highlights some of the key facts of the development of Mumbai and Navi Mumbai.

development timeline of navimumbainavimumbai city profile

Navi Mumbai is one of the largest planned city in India. The twin city concept was adopted by Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Planning Board (MMRPB) with a view to decongest the Mumbai city. Navi Mumbai project began in 1971 with the formation of CIDCO with an objective to convert 344 sq. km. of marshy land lying between the village of Dighe in Thane district and the village of Kalundre of Raigad district into a new city.

Land-use zoning and development regulations were used as tools for environment control in its Development Plan. Polycentric model of urban development was adopted for development of the project area into 14 nodes. Strategic planning approach towards development included acquisition of all land within the notified area to have a better control of the environment and to use land as the main resource for development.

Key Indicators

Some of the key indicators of the Navi Mumbai Notified Area based on available Census 2011 data are presented.

 

 

 

Planning Jurisdictions in Navi Mumbai Notified Area

Navi Mumbai Notified Area has a complex institutional framework for planning process with six agencies currently administering the area. Agencies for management and development of proposed airport and Special Economic Zone are expected to be key stakeholders in the future planning process of the region. A representative map is shown with the planning jurisdictions in the Navi Mumbai Notified Area.

 

Spatial Distribution of Gaothans

With the state government approval for redevelopment of existing gaothan in Navi Mumbai Notified area the challenges and opportunities for CIDCO and other planning authorities in the region are enormous. The spatial distribution of these gaothans would be key in implementation of this new policy initiative. Spatial distribution of around 95 gaothans are presented in the map below.

 

This article is part of NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab initiative to document the dynamics of urban planning and development in the Mumbai region. Contributions from researchers, practitioners, students, and staff of the planning authorities and academic institutes are invited to share the evolution of cities and towns in the region.

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Impact assessment of redevelopment in and around Gaothans in Navi Mumbai

Introduction

The phenomenon of urban villages in the Indian context can be viewed from two different perspectives. The first suggests that under the influence of rapid urbanisation and economic development, many urban areas in Indian cities and towns have doubled or tripled in terms of land cover and population. As a result, a large number of traditional rural villages, located in the peripheral areas of cities, have became part of the city’s built up areas. They have been turned into the so-called ‘urban villages’ and examples can be seen across the country – from small towns like Bhiwadi in the National Capital Region, to cities like Hyderabad and Bangalore.

The second is the case of existing urban villages within city limits and includes examples such as Delhi, Mumbai and Navi Mumbai. In the case of Delhi, these urban villages also identified as lal dora, are exempted from municipal and building codes. In Navi Mumbai, these urban villages, locally known as gaothans were initially not included in the land acquisition process during the formation of the Navi Mumbai New Town Development Authority Notified Area.

Study Brief

In 2014, the Maharashtra State Government proposed a resolution for Urban Renewal Schemes for gaothans and surrounding areas in the Navi Mumbai Notified Area to regulate unplanned and haphazard development. The scheme relies heavily on voluntary and participatory involvement of eligible inhabitants of gaothans and surrounding areas. It is envisaged that this redevelopment approach will also address unauthorised development of structures owned by the Project Affected Persons (PAPs) and other individuals on lands acquired by CIDCO. The proposed redevelopment and regularisation of the existing eligible structures by increasing the floor space index to four must be preceded by an impact assessment study as per the instructions of the High Court of the State of Maharashtra.

A joint research study was initiated by the CIDCO Smart City Lab at NIUA with the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors, India as per the scope of work suggested by CIDCO. The research study assesses the impact of the redevelopment of gaothans and surrounding areas by increasing the FSI to up to 4 on physical, social infrastructure and other facilities such as parking, open spaces etc. Ten gaothans were studied in detail to map the status quo of the urban villages in Navi Mumbai and re-establish the need for redevelopment, and providing communities with better quality of life and safe neighbourhoods. The infrastructure gap analysis was followed by a financial analysis to assess the economic viability of the scheme with the demonstration of a financial model for the Shelgar* gaothan. The study concludes with guidelines to mitigate the impacts of future developments as part of the reform action plan.

Summary

The approach towards redevelopment of urban villages by city governments vary from city to city. It can trigger socio-economic, cultural and housing re-arrangements within these communities. The diversified consequences of physical and social changes can be different for each village. For instance, urban villages in most of the cities are the hub of cheap rental housing for migrant population. Redevelopment in most cases doesn’t include the existing rental households under the rehabilitation and can adversely impact the rental housing market.

Development of gaothans in Navi Mumbai started with change in the land-use of gaothans from agriculture which was the prime source of livelihood for native population to several other urban land uses. The agricultural land was either sold or acquired by government for urban area expansion. Extensive unauthorised developments mushroomed** in the peripheral areas of gaothans reportedly due to housing needs of existing and migrant population. Development of gaothans evolved spatially to provide more housing units, and vary functionally to make available room space for changing demand. The development of gaothans reflects the multiple needs and demands of people that live and work there, and these are related to their formal urban context. As a result, gaothans evolved differently, largely due to their diverse urban contexts, and this shapes a heterogeneous urban village housing market. Human behaviour in different gaothans tends to be diverse in nature as they shift from agricultural production to room-renting and other socio-economic activities.

Research Study report would be made available on this website after the approval of CIDCO.

* Inhabitants of the Shelgar gaothan have approached CIDCO for redevelopment under the Urban Renewal Scheme
** Navi Mumbai’s 20,000 illegal constructions to be regularised [Source: Mid-Day News article dated 13 March 2015]

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Land Pooling for Smart Cities

Land acquisition has been used to carry out a number of planning and development activities. At present a large number of cities have been brought to existence by using the instrument of eminent domain by the state. Different processes have been made instrumental in acquiring land although all acquisitions have taken place under a single act, Land Acquisition Act, 1894. Historical and local contexts have given rise to differential processes of land acquisition. To facilitate the development of Smart Cities, various models of land agglomeration will need to be used.

Mr. Suresh Babu, Additional Chief Planner, CIDCO and Coordinator NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Chair Project presented the importance of land as a resource for Smart Cities as part the presentation “Land Pooling for Smart Cities” at 4th Annual Conference on Smart Cities in India organised by India Infrastructure at New Delhi in October 2015. Outline of the presentation includes Government of India Smart Cities Mission ‘Smart City Features’ as the introduction and highlights the features were land is a primary component and continuous to showcasing the ‘Land Management Model of Navi Mumbai’ and concludes with existing frameworks and tools for ‘Smart Land Management’.

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Competitive Smart Cities in Rajasthan

The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) works to create and sustain an environment conducive to the development of India, partnering industry, Government, and civil society, through advisory and consultative processes. CII is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organization, playing a proactive role in India’s development process.

National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) was the knowledge partner for 6th Infra Conclave Rajasthan on ‘Smart and Green Livable Cities’ organized by CII in partnership with the Department of Urban Development and Housing Department, Government of Rajasthan on 29 July, 2015 at Jaipur.

A.N.Nanda Kishore co-authored a report titled “Competitive Smart Cities in Rajasthan” released against the backdrop of this event. The CII-NIUA report points out that smart cities must have smart citizens, and this requires awareness creation and engagement in a sustained manner.  Studying of data on some of the most important cities and towns is a first step, and an attempt has been made to capture their unique identity. This study covers the profiles of ten cities and towns in Rajasthan with an intent to reveal some of the factors that should guide the thinking on smart cities. Further, some models for development which includes sections on Smart City Planning; Citizen and Stakeholder Consultations and Guidance Notes are presented.

Link to Download the report

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Exploratory Research on Smart Cities

The study ‘Exploratory Research on Smart Cities’ is essentially a survey of literature and theories about smart cities. It is not a compendium of solutions or an illustration of the smart cities mission of the Government of India. As the title suggests, it is essentially a navigation tool that might be useful for those who wish to understand the context in which smart cities in India are being envisaged.

The area-based approach of the Ministry of Urban Development, which is directed towards revitalising existing cities through a systematic improvement of entire living environments, is likely to be a unique contribution to the history of smart city development. As such, it is a story that needs to be documented and analysed in a different publication.

National Institute of Urban Affairs intends to follow up this study with an intensive analysis of the aims and anticipated outcomes of the Mission Transform-Nation.

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